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This paper presents an architecture of an autocorrelator for Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing systems. The received signal is quantized to only the sign-bit, which dramatically simplifies the frequency offset estimation. Hardware cost is reduced under the assumption that synchronization during acquisition does not have to be very accurate, but(More)
This paper treats the feasibility to use only the sign bit of the in-phase and quadrature components when estimating time and frequency in OFDM systems. Using only the sign bit is shown to result in a frequency dependent bias, which can be easily compensated. The approach is evaluated for LTE and DVB-H, when the estimation is performed using the cyclic(More)
This paper presents a reconfigurable inner receiver for the LTE, DVB-H, and IEEE802.11n (WLAN) radio systems, all of which are based on orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). The receiver is implemented in the CAL language. An FPGA-based hardware implementation is synthesized from RTL generated from the CAL description. The purpose of our work(More)
Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) estimation is commonly used in wireless receivers to enhance the performance in different ways. In this paper a novel low complexity SNR estimator for OFDM is proposed. The estimator might be implemented using floating point representation or by using only the sign-bit, and can if desired be effectively implemented by(More)
This paper introduces a real-time surveillance application for object tracking with capabilities of functioning on 25 f/s mode, implemented in a high efficient, high performance and low power smart camera WiCa (wireless camera) developed by NXP Research. The proposed application deals with the problem of constantly changing environments as light change,(More)
This paper presents a flexible architecture suitable for concurrent processing of multiple radio standards. The proposed architecture is based on a coarse-grained reconfigurable cell array, consisting of distinct processing and memory cells. Flexibility of the architecture is demonstrated by performing a coarse time synchronization and fractional frequency(More)
In this paper a VLSI implementation of a highly scalable MMSE (Minimum Mean Square Estimator) is presented with the ultimate goal of demonstrating the potential of MMSE as enabler for multi-standard channel estimation. By selecting an appropriate implementation, a complexity reduction of 98% is achieved when compared to Time-Domain Maximum Likelihood(More)
Future mobile terminals are expected to support an ever increasing number of Radio Access Technologies (RAT) concurrently. This imposes a challenge to terminal designers already today. Software Defined Radio (SDR) solutions are a compelling alternative to address this issue in the digital baseband, given its high flexibility and low Non-Recurring(More)
This article combines algorithm development, thorough analysis and implementation of Sign-Bit (SB) estimation techniques for symbol timing, Carrier Frequency Offset (CFO) and Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR) in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) receivers. The SB estimation is compared in terms of performance and hardware complexity to an(More)