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The barn owl uses interaural time differences (ITDs) to localize the azimuthal position of sound. ITDs are processed by an anatomically distinct pathway in the brainstem. Neuronal selectivity for ITD is generated in the nucleus laminaris (NL) and conveyed to both the anterior portion of the ventral nucleus of the lateral lemniscus (VLVa) and the central… (More)
Antisera to GAD (glutamic acid decarboxylase) and GABA were used to determine the distribution of GABAergic cells and terminals in the brainstem and midbrain auditory nuclei of the barn owl. The owl processes time and intensity components of the auditory signal in separate pathways, and each pathway has a distinctive pattern of GAD- and GABA-like… (More)
Studies of the neural mechanisms underlying responsiveness to sex pheromones in male goldfish suggest that, contrary to a currently popular hypothesis, the olfactory system (cranial nerve 1), and not the terminal nerve (cranial nerve 0), mediates chemosensory responses to pheromones. When the olfactory epithelium of male goldfish was exposed to two… (More)
This paper reports excellent results with respect to application of optical cards in medical care, based on improvements in the technology for encoding optical cards and devices used to increase read-write speed, and also reports the issuance of the first Japanese standards for the data format of optical cards.
Assistive technologies promote greater independence by enabling people with disabilities to perform tasks that usually would be more difficult to achieve. The Laboratory of Bioengineering and Biomaterials of the Federal Institute of Technology in Sao Paulo is developing new assistive technologies with the purpose of contributing, providing and expanding the… (More)