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We have established the expression patterns of the genes encoding ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and cytochromes P450 (CYPs) at the adult human blood-brain barrier (BBB) using isolated brain microvessels and cortex biopsies from patients with epilepsia or glioma. Microves synaptophysin (neurons) and neuron-glial antigen 2 (NG2) (pericytes). ABCG2(More)
Cytochrome P450 mediated metabolism of methyleugenol to the proximate carcinogen 1'-hydroxymethyleugenol has been investigated in vitro. Kinetic studies undertaken in liver microsomes from control male Fischer 344 rats revealed that this reaction is catalyzed by high affinity (Km of 74.9 +/- 9.0 microM, Vmax of 1.42 +/- 0.17 nmol/min/nmol P450) and low(More)
Cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters modulate the transport and metabolism of both endogenous and exogenous substrates and could play crucial roles in the human brain. In this study, we report the transcript expression profile of seven ABC transporters (ABCB1, ABCC1-C5, and ABCG2), 24 P450s (CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3(More)
UNLABELLED The gut microbiota enhances the host's metabolic capacity for processing nutrients and drugs and modulate the activities of multiple pathways in a variety of organ systems. We have probed the systemic metabolic adaptation to gut colonization for 20 days following exposure of axenic mice (n = 35) to a typical environmental microbial background(More)
Some of the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are polymorphic and may play a role in lung cancer susceptibility. Our previous study in a French Caucasian study population suggested GSTM1 null genotype as a moderate risk factor for lung cancer. Here we extended the study to investigate the potential role of GSTT1 and GSTP1 polymorphisms in susceptibility to(More)
Since human colorectal tumors are insensitive to most chemotherapeutic agents, there is a need for the discovery of new drugs that would show activity against this disease. In an attempt to better appreciate the relevance of a widely used mouse colon tumor (colon adenocarcinoma Co38) as a screening model for human colorectal tumors, we compared the main(More)
Adipose tissue is a major storage site for lipophilic environmental contaminants. The environmental metabolic disruptor hypothesis postulates that some pollutants can promote obesity or metabolic disorders by activating nuclear receptors involved in the control of energetic homeostasis. In this context, monoethylhexyl phthalate (MEHP) is of particular(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a case-control study to examine the risk of lung cancer in relation to GSTM1 polymorphism and cigarette smoking (primarily of black tobacco) in a French population. METHODS The 611 subjects were 301 incident lung cancer cases and 310 hospital controls. We were able to constitute a DNA bank for 547 subjects (89.5%) and gather(More)
Rat liver epithelial cells (RLECs) isolated by trypsinization of the livers of normal 10 day old rats are largely used in co-culture with primary hepatocytes. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of biotransformation enzyme-encoding genes in three preparations of RLEC lines. Although no expression of cytochrome P450 1A1/2(More)
We have investigated in vitro the metabolic capability of 3 extrahepatic cytochromes P-450, CYP1A1, 1B1 and 2J2, known to be over-expressed in various tumors, to biotransform 5 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI): dasatinib, imatinib, nilotinib, sorafenib and sunitinib. Moreover, mRNA expression of CYP1A1, 1B1, 2J2 and 3A4 in 6 hepatocellular and 14 renal cell(More)