Isabelle de Glisezinski

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Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors have been described on rodent adipocytes and expression of their mRNA is found in human adipose tissue. However, no biological effects associated with the stimulation of these receptors have been reported in this tissue. A putative lipolytic effect of natriuretic peptides was investigated in human adipose tissue.(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that weight loss is commonly associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) and is a manifestation of the disease itself. The etiology of weight loss in AD appears multifactorial. Hypotheses to explain the weight loss have been suggested (eg, atrophy of the mesial temporal cortex, biological disturbances, and higher(More)
Involvement of sympathetic nervous system and natriuretic peptides in the control of exercise-induced lipid mobilization was compared in overweight and lean men. Lipid mobilization was determined using local microdialysis during exercise. Subjects performed 35-min exercise bouts at 60% of their maximal oxygen consumption under placebo or after oral(More)
The goal of the study was to examine whether lipid mobilization from adipose tissue undergoes changes during repeated bouts of prolonged aerobic exercise. Microdialysis of the subcutaneous adipose tissue was used for the assessment of lipolysis; glycerol concentration was measured in the dialysate leaving the adipose tissue. Seven male subjects performed(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to evaluate whether a 4-month endurance training program could improve ANP- as well as isoproterenol-mediated (beta-adrenergic receptor agonist) in situ lipolysis and adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) in the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) of untrained overweight subjects. METHODS Ten overweight men aged 26.0 +/- 1.4 yr(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine how training modifies metabolic responses and lipid oxidation in overweight young male subjects. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Eleven overweight subjects were selected for a 4-month endurance training program. Before and after the training period, they cycled for 60 minutes at 50% of their VO(2)max after(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether endurance training improves lipid mobilization and oxidation in overweight subjects. Eleven young men (25.6 +/- 1.4 yr and body mass index 27.7 +/- 0.2) performed a 4-mo training program consisting of practicing aerobic exercise 5 days/wk. Before and after the training period, lipid oxidation was explored(More)
In humans, lipid mobilization is considered to depend mainly on sympathetic nervous system activation and catecholamine action. A contribution of ANP was hypothesized because we have previously shown that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) is a lipolytic agent on isolated human fat cells. Control of lipid-mobilizing mechanisms was investigated using in situ(More)
With the use of the microdialysis method, exercise-induced lipolysis was investigated in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) in obese subjects and compared with lean ones, and the effect of blockade of alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors (ARs) on lipolysis during exercise was explored. Changes in extracellular glycerol concentrations and blood flow were measured(More)
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the potential inhibition of adipose tissue mobilization by lactate. Eight male subjects (age, 26. 25 +/- 1.75 yr) in good physical condition (maximal oxygen uptake, 59.87 +/- 2.77 ml. kg-1. min-1; %body fat, 10.15 +/- 0.89%) participated in this study. For each subject, two microdialysis probes were inserted into(More)