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Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors have been described on rodent adipocytes and expression of their mRNA is found in human adipose tissue. However, no biological effects associated with the stimulation of these receptors have been reported in this tissue. A putative lipolytic effect of natriuretic peptides was investigated in human adipose tissue.(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiologic studies have shown that weight loss is commonly associated with Alzheimer disease (AD) and is a manifestation of the disease itself. The etiology of weight loss in AD appears multifactorial. Hypotheses to explain the weight loss have been suggested (eg, atrophy of the mesial temporal cortex, biological disturbances, and higher(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine how training modifies metabolic responses and lipid oxidation in overweight young male subjects. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Eleven overweight subjects were selected for a 4-month endurance training program. Before and after the training period, they cycled for 60 minutes at 50% of their VO(2)max after(More)
With the use of the microdialysis method, exercise-induced lipolysis was investigated in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) in obese subjects and compared with lean ones, and the effect of blockade of alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors (ARs) on lipolysis during exercise was explored. Changes in extracellular glycerol concentrations and blood flow were measured(More)
The goal of the study was to examine whether lipid mobilization from adipose tissue undergoes changes during repeated bouts of prolonged aerobic exercise. Microdialysis of the subcutaneous adipose tissue was used for the assessment of lipolysis; glycerol concentration was measured in the dialysate leaving the adipose tissue. Seven male subjects performed(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to compare the effect of different exercise intensities on lipid oxidation in overweight men and women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Nine young, healthy, overweight men and women were studied (age, 31.4 +/- 2.3 and 26.7 +/- 2.1 years; BMI, 27.9 +/- 0.4 and 27.2 +/- 0.5; for men and women, respectively). On one study day, the(More)
The purpose of our study was to evaluate the potential inhibition of adipose tissue mobilization by lactate. Eight male subjects (age, 26. 25 +/- 1.75 yr) in good physical condition (maximal oxygen uptake, 59.87 +/- 2.77 ml. kg-1. min-1; %body fat, 10.15 +/- 0.89%) participated in this study. For each subject, two microdialysis probes were inserted into(More)
CONTEXT Skeletal muscle lipase and intramyocellular triglyceride (IMTG) play a role in obesity-related metabolic disorders. OBJECTIVES The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of 8 weeks of endurance exercise training on IMTG content and lipolytic proteins in obese male subjects. DESIGN AND VOLUNTEERS Ten obese subjects completed an(More)
This study was designed to assess whether physiological activation of the sympathetic nervous system induced by exercise changes adipose tissue responsiveness to catecholamines in humans. Lipid mobilization in abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue was studied with the use of a microdialysis method in 11 nontrained men (age: 22. 3 +/- 1.5 yr; body mass(More)
Eight pairs of obese female monozygotic twins were subjected to a 4-week, very-low-calorie diet (VLCD) that induced a decrease in mean body mass index from 32.9 +/- 1.1 to 29.7 +/- 1.1 kg/m2. Infusion of the beta-adrenergic agonist, isoproterenol, induced an increase in plasma levels of nonesterified fatty acids and glycerol that was more pronounced during(More)