Isabelle Roth

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Local injury induces a complex orchestrated response to stimulate healing of injured tissues, cellular regeneration and phagocytosis. Practically, inflammation is defined as a defense process whereby fluid and white blood cells accumulate at a site of injury. The balance of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors is likely to play a key role in regulating(More)
We previously reported that reducing the expression of the gap junction protein connexin (Cx)43 in mice restricts intimal thickening formation after acute vascular injury by limiting the inflammatory response and the proliferation and migration of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) toward the damaged site. SMC populations isolated from porcine coronary artery(More)
A genetic polymorphism in the human gene encoding connexin37 (CX37, encoded by GJA4, also known as CX37) has been reported as a potential prognostic marker for atherosclerosis. The expression of this gap-junction protein is altered in mouse and human atherosclerotic lesions: it disappears from the endothelium of advanced plaques but is detected in(More)
BACKGROUND Reducing the expression of the gap junction protein connexin43 (Cx43) inhibits the progression of atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease. Furthermore, acute vascular injury induced by percutaneous coronary interventions is associated with increased Cx43 expression in neointimal smooth muscle cells (SMCs). However, the relevance of Cx43(More)
OBJECTIVE The gap junction protein connexin37 (Cx37) plays an important role in cell-cell communication in the vasculature. A C1019T Cx37 gene polymorphism, encoding a P319S substitution in the regulatory C terminus of Cx37 (Cx37CT), correlates with arterial stenosis and myocardial infarction in humans. This study was designed to identify potential binding(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial dysfunction is the initiating event of atherosclerosis. The expression of connexin40 (Cx40), an endothelial gap junction protein, is decreased during atherogenesis. In the present report, we sought to determine whether Cx40 contributes to the development of the disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Mice with ubiquitous deletion of Cx40 are(More)
The final control of renal water reabsorption occurs in the collecting duct (CD) and relies on regulated expression of aquaporin-2 (AQP2) in principal CD cells. AQP2 transcription is primarily induced by type 2 vasopressin receptor (V2R)-cAMP-protein kinase A (PKA) signaling but also by other factors, including TonEBP and NF-κB. NAPDH oxidase 4 (NOX4)(More)
Tonicity-responsive binding-protein (TonEBP or NFAT5) is a widely expressed transcription factor whose activity is regulated by extracellular tonicity. TonEBP plays a key role in osmoprotection by binding to osmotic response element/TonE elements of genes that counteract the deleterious effects of cell shrinkage. Here, we show that in addition to this(More)
Connexins are a large family of proteins that form gap junction channels allowing exchange of ions and small metabolites between neighboring cells. They have been implicated in pathological processes such as tumourigenesis in which they may act as tumour suppressors. A polymorphism in the human connexin37 (Cx37) gene (C1019T), resulting in a(More)
A polymorphism in the human Cx37 gene (C1019T), resulting in a non-conservative amino acid change in the regulatory C-terminus of the Cx37 protein (P319S), has been proposed as a prognostic marker for atherosclerosis. We have recently demonstrated that Cx37 hemichannels control the initiation of atherosclerotic plaque development by regulating ATP-dependent(More)