Isabelle Ragueneau-Majlessi

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The US Food and Drug Administration draft drug interaction guidance recommends that 400 mg ketoconazole (KTZ) be administered once daily for several days (QD400) for maximal CYP3A inhibition. Some investigators suggest that a single dose of 400 mg (SD400) KTZ is sufficient given its short half-life (t(1/2) approximately 3-5 hr). To determine the impact of(More)
During the Past decade, nine new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) namely, Felbamate, Gabapentin, Levetiracetam, Lamotrigine, Oxcarbazepine, Tiagabine, Topiramate, Vigabatrin and Zonisamide have been marketed worldwide. The introduction of these drugs increased appreciably the number of therapeutic combinations used in the treatment of epilepsy and with it, the(More)
Modeling and simulation of drug disposition has emerged as an important tool in drug development, clinical study design and regulatory review, and the number of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling related publications and regulatory submissions have risen dramatically in recent years. However, the extent of use of PBPK modeling by(More)
In the 2012 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) draft guidance on drug-drug interactions (DDIs), a new molecular entity that inhibits P-glycoprotein (P-gp) may need a clinical DDI study with a P-gp substrate such as digoxin when the maximum concentration of inhibitor at steady state divided by IC₅₀ ([I₁]/IC₅₀) is ≥0.1 or concentration of inhibitor based on(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if repeated administration of levetiracetam alters the pharmacokinetics or the pharmacodynamics of warfarin. Forty-two healthy subjects (18-50 years old) were recruited into the study. After a dose-finding phase and a stabilization phase, during which a warfarin treatment was introduced and the dose maintained(More)
Breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP; ABCG2) limits intestinal absorption of low-permeability substrate drugs and mediates biliary excretion of drugs and metabolites. Based on clinical evidence of BCRP-mediated drug-drug interactions (DDIs) and the c.421C>A functional polymorphism affecting drug efficacy and safety, both the US Food and Drug(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to determine whether levetiracetam (Keppra) affected the pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic profile of digoxin in healthy adults. METHODS Seven men and four women (19-48 years old) completed this double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Each received digoxin 0.25 mg once daily (0.5 mg on day 1) during the 1-week run-in(More)
Human breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) efflux transporter that confers multidrug resistance in cancers and also plays an important role in the absorption, distribution and elimination of drugs. Prediction as to if drugs or new molecular entities are BCRP substrates should afford a cost-effective means that can help(More)
Nine static models (seven basic and two mechanistic) and their respective cutoff values used for predicting cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) inhibition, as recommended by the US Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency, were evaluated using data from 119 clinical studies with orally administered midazolam as a substrate. Positive predictive(More)
Clopidogrel is an antiplatelet drug that requires bioactivation to its active metabolite to demonstrate its antiplatelet effect. Formation of the active metabolite involves multiple cytochrome P450 enzymes, with CYP2C19 playing an important role. Clopidogrel is often co-administered with proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) to decrease GI-tract bleeding, and(More)