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Expression of NG2 has been reported in the majority of paediatric acute leukaemia (AL) cases with MLL rearrangement. We demonstrated 7. 1 positivity in 2/3 paediatric and 4/11 adult MLL rearranged acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) but in 0/28 adult AML without MLL rearrangement, thus extending the 100% specificity to adult cases. Positivity correlated with(More)
Differentiating agents have been proposed to overcome the impaired cellular differentiation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, only the combinations of all-trans retinoic acid or arsenic trioxide with chemotherapy have been successful, and only in treating acute promyelocytic leukemia (also called AML3). We show that iron homeostasis is an effective(More)
CCAAT enhancer-binding protein (CEBP) transcription factors play pivotal roles in proliferation and differentiation, including suppression of myeloid leukemogenesis. Mutations of CEBPA are found in a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and in some cases of familial AML. Here, using cytogenetics, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and molecular(More)
The RUNX1 gene is implicated in numerous chromosomal translocations that occur in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and result in chimeric genes. In this study, 397 consecutive AML cases were analyzed using RUNX1 fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes. Three cases of the recently described translocation, t(7;21)(p22;q22), were identified, which(More)
Human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV-8) is associated with all forms of Kaposi sarcoma (KS), with a rare high-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by serous effusions in body cavities called primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) and with some forms of multicentric Castleman disease (MCD). Although mostly observed during AIDS, such disorders have also been(More)
We have previously shown correction of X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency [SCID-X1, also known as gamma chain (gamma(c)) deficiency] in 9 out of 10 patients by retrovirus-mediated gamma(c) gene transfer into autologous CD34 bone marrow cells. However, almost 3 years after gene therapy, uncontrolled exponential clonal proliferation of mature T cells(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Refractory celiac disease (RCD) was recently subdivided into 2 subtypes (RCD I and II) based on a normal or abnormal phenotype of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs), respectively. It is not clear, however, if these 2 entities differ in their presentation at diagnosis or long-term outcome. We compared the clinical and biological(More)
Autoimmune diseases develop in approximately 5% of humans. They can arise when self-tolerance checkpoints of the immune system are bypassed as a consequence of inherited mutations of key genes involved in lymphocyte activation, survival, or death. For example, autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) results from defects in self-tolerance checkpoints(More)
Monogenic interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-10 receptor (IL-10R) deficiencies cause very early onset severe inflammatory bowel disease. Here, we report that 5 patients with an IL-10R1 (n = 1) or IL-10R2 (n = 4) deficiency developed B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma between the ages of 5 and 6 years (which was recurrent in 1 patient). These lymphomas had some of the(More)
The t(10;11)(p13-14;q14-21) associated with CALM-AF10 is considered to be rare and associated with a variety of acute lymphoid and myeloid leukemias. Twelve (9%) of 131 unselected T-cell acute lymphoid leukemias (T-ALLs) expressed CALM-AF10 by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction or fluorescence in situ hybridization (or both), including 8% of(More)