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Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome and related proteins have been reported in a great proportion of malignant gliomas. However, these results are unexpected since HCMV is not known as an oncogenic virus. By immunohistochemistry (with an anti-IE1 monoclonal antibody) and in situ hybridisation (with biotinylated DNA probes) on tissue microarrays and frozen(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is produced during the molecular pathogenesis of glioma, and new anti-EGFR molecules are available for therapeutics. Consequently, analyses of the EGFR gene and protein are frequently used for glioma characterization. We compare the accuracy and the usefulness of 2 currently used techniques for histologic(More)
The EGFR (epidermal growth factor receptor) is involved in the oncogenesis of many tumors. In addition to the full-length EGFR (isoform a), normal and tumor cells produce soluble EGFR isoforms (sEGFR) that lack the intracellular domain. sEGFR isoforms b, c and d are encoded by EGFR variants 2 (v2), 3 (v3) and 4 (v4) mRNA resulting from gene alternative(More)
Brefeldin A (BFA), a fungal metabolite known to affect the structure and function of the Golgi apparatus, has recently been shown to induce apoptosis and cell growth inhibition in various human cell lines. Glioblastomas (GB) are cerebral tumors with poor prognosis, which display resistance to current therapies including radio- and chemotherapy. The(More)
In glial tumors, the loss of heterozygosity of the 1p and 19q chromosomal arms is thought to be a marker of good prognosis in oligodendroglial tumors. However, 1p and 19q loss of heterozygosity may be telomeric, interstitial, centromeric or affect the whole arm of the chromosome and the associations between these different patterns and tumor type, other(More)
Meningiomas are common primary intracranial tumours. Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is an inflammatory and angiogenic lipid mediator involved in several types of cancer. The presence of PAF receptor (PAF-R) transcripts, the levels of PAF, the phospholipase A2 activity (PLA2, the enzymatic activity implicated in PAF formation) and the PAF acetylhydrolase(More)
BACKGROUND The alpha-internexin (INA) gene encodes an intermediate filament involved in neurogenesis and maps in 10q24.33. A strong INA protein expression has been reported in oligodendroglial tumours and was associated with 1p19q deletion. To assess the relevance of INA immunohistochemistry in glioma typing, this paper studied the relationship between INA(More)
The quantitative analysis of VEGF using ELISA in various subtypes of grade I meningiomas reported higher VEGF contents in meningothelial (2.38 +/- 0.62 pg/microg protein, n = 7), transitional (1.08 +/- 0.21 pg/microg protein, n = 13), and microcystic meningiomas (1.98 +/- 0.87 pg/microg protein, n = 5) as compared with fibrous ones (0.36 +/- 0.09 pg/microg(More)
This case-report studies the clinical, radiological, anatomopatholo-gical and therapeutic aspects of peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumours (PNET). PNET are neoplasms with a similar histology to tumours in the Ewing family. Diagnosis requires histopathology, immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic studies. To our knowledge, this rare tumour has never(More)
Neuroepithelial papillary tumor of the pineal region (PTPR) has been defined as a distinct entity that is increasingly being recognized, with 96 cases now reported. This tumor shares morphologic features with both ependymomas and choroid plexus tumors. PTPR is characterized by an epithelial-like growth pattern in which the vessels are covered by layers of(More)