Isabelle Piuz

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Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) are hypothalamic factors believed to play a role in the regulation of anterior pituitary cell function. However, little is known about the expression of PACAP/VIP receptor (PVR) subtypes in such cells. Three PVR subtypes have recently been cloned: the(More)
The positive elongation factor P-TEFb appears to function as a crucial C-terminal-domain (CTD) kinase for RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcribing immediate early genes (IEGs) in neuroendocrine GH4C1 cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation indicated that in resting cells Pol II occupied the promoter-proximal regions of the c-fos and junB genes, together with(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are inactivated by a dual specificity phosphatase, MAPK phosphatase-1 (MKP-1). MKP-1 is transcribed as an immediate early response gene (IEG) following various stimuli. In the pituitary cell line GH4C1, MKP-1 gene transcription is strongly induced by thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) as well as by epidermal growth(More)
The transcription rate of immediate early genes (IEGs) is controlled directly by transcription elongation factors at the transcription elongation step. Negative elongation factor (NELF) and 5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB) sensitivity-inducing factor (DSIF) stall RNA polymerase II (pol II) soon after transcription initiation. Upon(More)
In excitable cells the localization of Ca2+ signals plays a central role in the cellular response, especially in the control of gene transcription. To study the effect of localized Ca2+ signals on the transcriptional activation of the c-fos oncogene, we stably expressed various c-fos beta-lactamase reporter constructs in pituitary AtT20 cells. A(More)
MAP kinase phosphatase-1 (MKP-1) controls nuclear MAP kinase activity with important consequences on cell growth or apoptosis. MKP-1 transcription is initiated constitutively but elongation is blocked within exon 1. It is unclear how induction of MKP-1 is controlled. Here, we report that the transcriptional elongation factors P-TEFb, DSIF and NELF regulate(More)
In mammalian cells, multiple stimuli induce the expression of the immediate early gene c-fos. The specificity of c-fos transcriptional response depends on the activation of signaling protein kinases, transcription factors, and chromatin-modifying complexes but also on a regulated block to elongation in the first intron. Here we show by chromatin(More)
We examined whether transcription elongation factors control constitutive transcription of the histone H1(0) and GAPDH genes. Chromatin immunoprecipitation demonstrated positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) and 5,6-dichloro-1-beta-D-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB) sensitivity-inducing factor (DSIF) present together with RNA polymerase II (pol(More)
UNLABELLED Recombination is a widespread phenomenon that ensures both the stability and variation of RNA viruses. This phenomenon occurs with different frequencies within species of the Enterovirus genus. Intraspecies recombination is described frequently among non-rhinovirus enteroviruses but appears to be sporadic in rhinoviruses. Interspecies(More)
The mechanisms of activation of cytoplasmic phospholipase A2 (cPLA2) are complex and incompletely defined. In Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, receptor stimulation of cPLA2 is due to the interaction of pathways involving the alpha subunits of at least two guanine-nucleotide-binding (G) proteins, G alpha i2 and G alpha q. Activation of cPLA2 is inhibited(More)