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18-Methoxycoronaridine, a novel iboga alkaloid congener that decreases drug self-administration in several animal models, may be a potential treatment for multiple forms of drug abuse. In previous work, 18-methoxycoronaridine was found to be a somewhat selective antagonist at alpha3beta4 nicotinic receptors; and low dose combinations of(More)
Ibogaine is a naturally occurring alkaloid that has been claimed to be effective in treating addiction to opioids and stimulants; a single dose is claimed to be effective for 6 months. Analogously, studies in rats have demonstrated prolonged (one or more days) effects of ibogaine on morphine and cocaine self-administration even though ibogaine is mostly(More)
RATIONALE Methamphetamine (METH) and amphetamine (AMPH) are both abused psychostimulants. Although METH is generally accepted to be more addictive and potent than its analogue AMPH, there are no known neurobiological differences in action between the two drugs that may account for such differences. OBJECTIVE METH and AMPH were compared to determine(More)
Ibogaine, a naturally occurring iboga alkaloid, has been claimed to be effective in treating addiction to opioids and stimulants, and has been reported to inhibit morphine and cocaine self-administration in rats. However, ibogaine also has acute nonspecific side effects (e.g. tremors, decreased motivated behavior in general) as well as neurotoxic effects(More)
In previous studies, 18-methoxycoronaridine, a novel iboga alkaloid congener, has been reported to decrease the self-administration of morphine, cocaine, ethanol and nicotine, and to attenuate naltrexone-precipitated signs of morphine withdrawal. In the present study, the nature of the interaction between 18-methoxycoronaridine and morphine was further(More)
Because an increase in extracellular levels of dopamine in the nucleus accumbens has been associated with the reinforcing effects of addictive drugs, we investigated whether U50,488, a selective kappa opioid receptor agonist, would alter cocaine-induced increases in extracellular dopamine in the nucleus accumbens using in vivo microdialysis in awake and(More)
(+/-)Cyclazocine, synthesized by Archer in 1962, was originally tested as a treatment for heroin addiction. (+/-)Cyclazocine is a mu opioid antagonist and kappa opioid agonist, and because of these actions, would be expected to modulate dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens as well as the reinforcing effects of drugs of abuse. In a recent study(More)
18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC), a novel iboga alkaloid congener, is a potential treatment for drug addiction. 18-MC has been shown to decrease self-administration of drugs (e.g., morphine, methamphetamine, nicotine) and attenuate opioid withdrawal in rats. In previous studies, systemic pretreatment with 18-MC abolished the sensitized increase in accumbens(More)
Because of the claim that ibogaine suppresses the symptoms of "narcotic withdrawal" in humans, the effect of ibogaine on naltrexone-precipitated withdrawal signs in morphine-dependent rats was assessed. Morphine was administered subcutaneously through implanted silicone reservoirs for 5 days. Ibogaine (20, 40 or 80 mg/kg, i.p.) or saline was administered 30(More)
Ibogaine, one of several alkaloids found in the root bark of the African shrub Tabernanthe iboga, has been claimed to be effective in treating multiple forms of drug abuse. Problems associated with side effects of ibogaine have spawned a search for more effective and safer structural derivatives. 18-Methoxycoronaridine (18-MC), a novel iboga alkaloid(More)