Isabelle Le Roy

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Mapping quantitative trait loci (QTLs) with high resolution facilitates identification and positional cloning of the underlying genes. The novel approach of advanced intercross lines (AILs) generates many more recombination events and thus can potentially narrow QTLs significantly more than do conventional backcrosses and F2 intercrosses. In this study, we(More)
Chromosomal mapping of genes linked with 19 measures of sensorial, motor, and body weight development were investigated. Chromosomal mapping is the first step towards gene identification. When a genomic region is shown to be linked to a trait, it is possible to select a reduced number of candidate genes that have been previously mapped on this region. The(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that classical inbred strains of laboratory mice do not exhibit large genetic distances when simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are used to test for their polymorphisms whereas mice from wild origin exhibit high polymorphisms (more than 90%) for these sequence when compared with classical inbred strains of laboratory mice. The(More)
Comparisons across 13 inbred strains of laboratory mice for reproductive organ (paired seminal vesicles and paired testes) weights indicated a very marked contrast between the C57BL/6By and NZB/BINJ mice. Subsequently these strains were selected to perform a quantitative genetic analysis and full genome scan for seminal vesicle and testis weights. An F(2)(More)
Laterality is believed to have genetic components, as has been deduced from family studies in humans and responses to artificial selection in mice, but these genetic components are unknown and the underlying physiological mechanisms are still a subject of dispute. We measured direction of laterality (preferential use of left or right paws) and degree of(More)
Sensory and motor developmental tests were designed to characterize spontaneous mutations in rodents. These tests are currently used to investigate developmental abnormalities associated with gene overexpression or gene targeting in mice. Here, we present an overview of our studies focused on 15 tests designed to measure sensory and motor development from(More)
Phenotypic differences among mice with disrupted genes and those with wild-type alleles have not provided the necessary evidence for desired gene/phenotype correlations. These differences could be due to "passenger genes" from the donor 129 strains that are used to produce stem cells. Three variations of attack behavior were measured, using mice carrying a(More)
Two kinds of vocalizations are produced by newborn mice: whistles (between 50 and 150 ms in length), having a narrow bandwidth in each strain that ranges from 30 to 90 kHz; and clicks, which are shorter (about 1 ms) and have a larger bandwidth. These vocalizations were individually recorded in 1-day-old pups from seven inbred strains of laboratory mice, at(More)
The pairing region of the X-Y chromosomes recombines at male meiosis. We previously found that offense behavior in male mice, measured by initiation of attack against a conspecific male, was linked to this region. Only one functional gene (coding for steroid sulfatase or Sts) is mapped on this region as of yet, suggesting that it could be a candidate for(More)
Atherosclerotic complications are related to the unstable character of the plaque rather than its volume. Vulnerable plaques often contain a large lipid core, a reduced content of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and an accumulation of inflammatory cells. Regulation of this inflammatory response is an essential element in chronic inflammatory diseases such as(More)