Isabelle His

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Endo-1,4-beta-D-glucanases (EGases) form a large family of hydrolytic enzymes in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In higher plants, potential substrates in vivo are xyloglucan and non-crystalline cellulose in the cell wall. Gene expression patterns suggest a role for EGases in various developmental processes such as leaf abscission, fruit ripening and cell(More)
It is commonly assumed that cellulose from higher plants contains the Ialpha and Ibeta crystalline allomorphs together with surface and disordered chains. For cellulose Ialpha, the evidence for its presence in higher plants is restricted to the C-4 signals in the solid-state (13)C NMR spectrum, which match those of crystalline cellulose Ialpha from algal(More)
Korrigan (kor) is a dwarf mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. that is deficient in a membrane-bound endo-1,4-β-glucanase. The effect of the mutation on the pectin network has been studied in kor by microscopical techniques associated with various probes specific for different classes of pectic polysaccharides. The localisation of native crystalline(More)
Flax fibers have been the subject of many biochemical studies, which revealed that cellulose and pectins are the major constituents of their walls. In contrast, little is known about the location of these polymers within the walls of mature fibers by microscopic methods. This has been technically hampered by the very thick secondary wall of fibers,(More)
In dark-grown hypocotyls of the Arabidopsis procuste mutant, a mutation in the CesA6 gene encoding a cellulose synthase reduces cellulose synthesis and severely inhibits elongation growth. Previous studies had left it uncertain why growth was inhibited, because cellulose synthesis was affected before, not during, the main phase of elongation. We(More)
 Four proteins were isolated from depectinised elementary fibres of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.), using either alkali or cellulase digestion treatments. All the four proteins were characterized by a deficiency or low contents of hydroxyproline and by high levels of glutamic acid/glutamine and/or aspartic acid/asparagine. The two proteoglycans solubilized(More)
The deposition and formation of a thick secondary wall is a major event in the differentiation of flax (Linum usitatissimum) fibers. This wall is cellulose-rich; but it also contains significant amounts of other matrix polymers which are noncellulosic such as pectins. We have used immunocytochemical techniques with antibodies specific for various epitopes(More)
Vibrational spectroscopy using polarized incident radiation can be used to determine the orientation of X-H bonds with respect to coordinates such as crystallographic axes. The adaptation of this approach to polymer fibers is described here. It requires spectral intensity to be quantified around a 180 degrees range of polarization angles and not just(More)
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