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Whether functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) allows the identification of neural drivers remains an open question of particular importance to refine physiological and neuropsychological models of the brain, and/or to understand neurophysiopathology. Here, in a rat model of absence epilepsy showing spontaneous spike-and-wave discharges originating(More)
Typical absence has long been considered as the prototypic form of generalized nonconvulsive epileptic seizures. Recent investigations in patients and animal models suggest that absence seizures could originate from restricted regions of the cerebral cortex. However, the cellular and local network processes of seizure initiation remain unknown. Here, we(More)
In order to characterize the localization of the sigma(1) receptor in the adult rat central nervous system, a polyclonal antibody was raised against a 20 amino acid peptide, corresponding to the fragment 143-162 of the cloned sigma(1) receptor protein. Throughout the rostrocaudal regions of the central nervous system extending from the olfactory bulb to the(More)
The NT2 cell line, which was derived from a human teratocarcinoma, exhibits properties that are characteristic of a committed neuronal precursor at an early stage of development. NT2 cells can be induced by retinoic acid to differentiate in vitro into postmitotic central nervous system (CNS) neurons (NT2-N cells). The commitment of NT2-N cells to a stable(More)
1. The sigma(1) (sigma(1)) receptor cDNA was cloned in several animal species. Molecular tools are now available to identify its endogenous effectors, such as neuroactive steroids, and to establish its precise physiological role. In particular, the sigma(1) receptor is involved in memory processes, as observed in pharmacological and pathological rodent(More)
Fluorescent staining of astrocytes without damaging or interfering with normal brain functions is essential for intravital microscopy studies. Current methods involved either transgenic mice or local intracerebral injection of sulforhodamine 101. Transgenic rat models rarely exist, and in mice, a backcross with GFAP transgenic mice may be difficult. Local(More)
A polyclonal antibody raised against a peptide corresponding to the (2-19) amino-terminal sequence of the Bcl-xL/S protein was used to localize Bcl-x immunostaining in the central nervous system of rats at various postnatal ages. Whereas Bcl-x immunostaining was present in virtually all neurons of young animals (4 days postnatal), this staining became(More)
Although the role of Bcl-2-related proteins as regulators of the apoptotic process has been well documented, recent studies suggest that they might also be implicated in neuronal differentiation. We have studied by immunocytochemistry, Western blotting and RT-PCR the expression pattern of Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and BAX in the in vitro model of neuronal(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that programmed cell death takes place at different stages during the development of the CNS in vivo. Our purpose in this study was to detect early programmed cell death associated with the induction of differentiation by retinoic acid (RA) in the NT2 cell line. By using the annexin V labeling as a marker of apoptosis, a(More)
OBJECTIVE Originally derived from a Wistar rat strain, a proportion of which displayed spontaneous absence-type seizures, Genetic Absence Epilepsy Rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) represent the most widely utilized animal model of genetic generalized epilepsy. Here we compare the seizure, behavioral, and brain morphometric characteristics of four main GAERS(More)