Isabelle Gaumond

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Many chronic pain conditions are more frequent in women than in men. This observation suggests that there is a potential role of sex hormones on pain perception. In the present study, we measured nociceptive responses to the formalin test in normal and gonadectomized male and female rats. The nociceptive responses to formalin injection were divided in four(More)
Several factors have been proposed to account for the differences observed between men and women in pain perception. One of these is female and male gonadal hormones. In order to verify this assumption, a hormone replacement (pellets inserted subcutaneously) of (1) 17beta-estradiol, (2) progesterone, (3) 17beta-estradiol + progesterone or (4) testosterone(More)
BACKGROUND Given the complex relationships between fibromyalgia and major depressive disorder (MDD), it has been suggested that fibromyalgia is a "masked" MDD. In experimental settings, fibromyalgia is associated with lowered pain thresholds (hyperalgesia) and deficient pain inhibition. Similarly, it has been recently proposed that the proneness of patients(More)
BACKGROUND In animals, decades of research have shown that serotonin (5-HT) is involved in endogenous pain inhibition systems, which are deficient in chronic pain disorders such as fibromyalgia (FM). In humans, there is preliminary evidence showing that 5-HT is involved in the FM pathophysiology. In the current endophenotyping study, we sought to(More)
UNLABELLED Experimental studies showed that dopamine influences pain perception in healthy volunteers. Dopamine dysfunctions have been linked to the physiopathology of fibromyalgia (FM), which is associated with hyperalgesia and deficient pain inhibition. We sought to investigate the relationships between catecholamine-related polymorphisms [dopamine-D(3)(More)
Many chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women than men and both fundamental and clinical research supports the implication of endogenous pain inhibitory mechanisms. The goal of this study was to verify if sex differences on endogenous pain inhibitory mechanisms during the formalin test are opioidergic and modulated by sex hormones. Formalin tests(More)
It is strongly suggested that estrogen plays a key role in pain modulation. Estrogen's effects are mediated mainly by two receptors, ERα and ERβ. However, the specific role of these receptors is still not clear. In this study, the involvement of both receptors on nociceptive responses was measured in ERα and ERβ knockout (KO) C57BL/6j mice and their(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the efficacy of the PASSAGE Program, a structured multicomponent interdisciplinary group intervention for the self-management of FMS. METHODS A mixed-methods randomized controlled trial (intervention (INT) vs. waitlist (WL)) was conducted with patients suffering from FMS. Data were collected at baseline (T0), at the end of(More)
OBJECTIVE As pain during childbirth is very intense, several educational programs exist to help women prepare for the event. This study evaluates the efficacy of a specific pain management program, the Bonapace Method (BM), to reduce the perception of pain during childbirth. The BM involves the father, or a significant partner, in the use of several pain(More)
BACKGROUND In the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence to suggest that trigeminal neuralgia (TN) may be linked to a dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). The aim of the present study was to formally test this hypothesis by comparing the reactivity of the ANS to experimental pain in a population of TN patients and healthy(More)