Isabelle Fajac

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BACKGROUND Although polycations are among the most efficient nonviral vectors for gene transfer, the gene expression they allow is still too low for in vivo applications. To engineer more potent polycationic vectors, the factors governing the intracellular trafficking of a plasmid complexed with current polycations need to be identified. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND A challenging problem arising from cystic fibrosis (CF) newborn screening is the significant number of infants with hypertrypsinaemia (HIRT) with sweat chloride levels in the intermediate range and only one or no identified CF-causing mutations. OBJECTIVES To investigate the diagnostic value for CF of assessing CF transmembrane conductance(More)
BACKGROUND Ataluren was developed to restore functional protein production in genetic disorders caused by nonsense mutations, which are the cause of cystic fibrosis in 10% of patients. This trial was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of ataluren in patients with nonsense-mutation cystic fibrosis. METHODS This randomised, double-blind,(More)
To identify the intracellular barriers to efficient gene transfer, we studied the intracellular trafficking of biotinylated plasmid DNA complexed with either fluorescein-conjugated lactosylated or mannosylated polylysine by confocal microscopy. Both are known to be taken up by cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells), but their gene(More)
We have studied the cytoskeletal involvement in the cellular trafficking of complexes made with plasmid/PEI or plasmid/lactosylated PEI in cystic fibrosis airway epithelial cells (SigmaCFTE29o- cells). Complexes were incubated in the presence of cytoskeletal inhibitors, and the number of transfected cells was determined by flow cytometry. Complexes were(More)
BACKGROUND We recently designed a cationic polymer called histidylated polylysine made of polylysine partially substituted with histidyl residues which become protonated at slightly acidic pH. This polymer is thought to induce the leakage of acidic vesicles containing plasmid/histidylated polylysine complexes. METHODS and results Here, we have analyzed(More)
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic recessive disorder caused by mutations in the gene that encodes the CFTR protein. The diagnosis of cystic fibrosis is usually established in early childhood but it is now being made in an increasing number of adults. Many of them present with mild or atypical cystic fibrosis clinical features, mostly lung disease. In addition,(More)
This short review deals with some properties of nuclear sugar-binding proteins also called nuclear lectins, the sugar-dependent nuclear import of neoglycoproteins and the attempts of using this pathway to enhance the nuclear import of plasmids in order to hopefully increase the expression of transferred genes.
Sampling arterialized earlobe blood is thought to be easier and less painful than direct arterial puncture, and to allow measurement of blood gas values during exercise without the need to insert an arterial cannula. However, arterialized earlobe oxygen tension (PO2) often underestimates arterial PO2 at rest, and is not fully validated during exercise. We(More)
This study investigated the clinical characteristics and the possible involvement of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene in patients with symptomatic diffuse bronchiectasis (DB) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Twenty-six patients with both RA and DB (group RA+DB) and control groups of 29 consecutive patients with(More)