Isabelle Dublineau

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In addition to its natural presence at high concentrations in some areas, uranium has several civilian and military applications that could cause contamination of human populations, mainly through chronic ingestion. Reports describe the accumulation of this radionuclide in some organs (including the bone, kidney, and liver) after acute or chronic(More)
Beta 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptor (beta-ARs) expression in the thick ascending limb of rat kidney was studied at the level of mRNA and receptor coupling to adenylyl cyclase. Absolute quantitation of beta 1- and beta 2-AR mRNAs in microdissected nephron segments was performed with an assay based on reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction,(More)
Recent micropuncture studies have demonstrated that administration of high doses of 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (dDAVP), a synthetic analogue of vasopressin (AVP), causes desensitization of the thick ascending limb to AVP but may leave unaltered the effect of this hormone on the permeability to water of the collecting duct. In the present(More)
The environmental contamination by dispersion of depleted uranium (DU) might result in its chronic ingestion of DU by local populations. The aim of this study was to determine if chronic ingestion of DU at low doses induces inflammatory reactions in intestine, first biological system exposed to uranium after ingestion. Experiments were performed with rats(More)
The digestive tract is the entry route for radionuclides following the ingestion of contaminated food and/or water wells. It was recently characterized that the small intestine was the main area of uranium absorption throughout the gastrointestinal tract. This study was designed to determine the role played by the Peyer's patches in the intestinal(More)
Irradiation of the digestive system leads to alterations of the small intestine. We have characterized the disruption of the barrier integrity in rat ileum from 1 to 14 days following irradiation ranging from 6 to 12 Gy. The intestinal permeability to 14C-mannitol and 3H-dextran 70 000 was measured in vitro in Ussing chambers. In parallel to these(More)
Uranium is not only a heavy metal but also an alpha particle emitter. The main toxicity of uranium is expected to be due to chemiotoxicity rather than to radiotoxicity. Some studies have demonstrated that uranium induced some neurological disturbances, but without clear explanations. A possible mechanism of this neurotoxicity could be the oxidative stress(More)
Kidney disease is a frequent consequence of heavy metal exposure and renal anemia occurs secondarily to the progression of kidney deterioration into chronic disease. In contrast, little is known about effects on kidney of chronic exposure to low levels of depleted uranium (DU). Study was performed with rats exposed to DU at 40 mg/l by chronic ingestion(More)
The aim was to determine the gastrointestinal segments preferentially implicated in the absorption of uranium. The apparent permeability to uranium (233U) was measured ex vivo in Ussing chambers to assess uranium passage in the various parts of the small and large intestines. The transepithelial electrical parameters (potential difference, short-circuit(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that in vivo administration of 1-deamino-8-D-arginine-vasopressin, an analog of arginine-8-vasopressin, induces homologous desensitization to vasopressin in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. Desensitization has been documented by a decreased physiological response to vasopressin in vivo and by a reduced cAMP(More)