Isabelle Cleynen

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Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, the two common forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), affect over 2.5 million people of European ancestry, with rising prevalence in other populations. Genome-wide association studies and subsequent meta-analyses of these two diseases as separate phenotypes have implicated previously unsuspected mechanisms, such(More)
OBJECTIVES:Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD)—Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC)—are chronic gastrointestinal inflammatory disorders with a complex genetic background. A genome-wide association scan by the Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium (WTCCC) recently identified several novel susceptibility loci.METHODS:We performed a large(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), collectively called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), are immune-mediated conditions characterized by a chronic inflammation of the gut. Their precise etiology is unknown, although an increased intestinal permeability has been shown to play a central role in the pathogenesis of IBD. The intestinal epithelium(More)
BACKGROUND Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) protect the host intestinal mucosa against microorganisms. Abnormal expression of defensins was shown in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but it is not clear whether this is a primary defect. We investigated the impact of anti-inflammatory therapy with infliximab on the mucosal gene expression of AMPs in IBD. (More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Clinical presentation at diagnosis and disease course of Crohn's disease (CD) are heterogeneous and variable over time. Early introduction of immunomodulators and/or biologicals might be justified in patients at risk for disease progression, so it is important to identify these patients as soon as possible. We examined the influence of(More)
BACKGROUND The autophagy pathway has been linked with Crohn's disease (CD) through association of the ATG16L1 and IRGM genes with susceptibility for CD, and also to the Nod2 pathway, involved in CD. Our aim was to investigate polymorphisms in selected autophagy genes for their association with susceptibility to CD. METHODS We prioritized all known human(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A limited number of genetic risk factors have been reported in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). To discover further genetic susceptibility factors for PSC, we followed up on a second tier of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from a genome-wide association study (GWAS). METHODS We analyzed 45 SNPs in 1221 PSC cases and 3508(More)
The 'high mobility group' HMGA protein family consists of four members: HMGA1a, HMGA1b and HMGA1c, which result from translation of alternative spliced forms of one gene and HMGA2, which is encoded for by another gene. HMGA proteins are characterized by three DNA-binding domains, called AT-hooks, and an acidic carboxy-terminal tail. HMGA proteins are(More)
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a severe liver disease of unknown etiology leading to fibrotic destruction of the bile ducts and ultimately to the need for liver transplantation. We compared 3,789 PSC cases of European ancestry to 25,079 population controls across 130,422 SNPs genotyped using the Immunochip. We identified 12 genome-wide significant(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The addition of immunomodulators increases the efficacy of maintenance therapy with infliximab for up to 1 year in patients with Crohn's disease who have not been previously treated with immunomodulators. However, there are questions about the effect of withdrawing immunomodulator therapy from these patients. We studied the effects of(More)