Isabelle Chantale Pelletier

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Recruitment of neutrophils from blood vessels to sites of infection represents one of the most important elements of innate immunity. Movement of neutrophils across blood vessel walls to the site of infection first requires that the migrating cells firmly attach to the endothelial wall. Generally, neutrophil extravasation is mediated at least in part by two(More)
The structures of cofactor-free haloperoxidases from Streptomyces aureofaciens, Streptomyces lividans, and Pseudomonas fluorescens have been determined at resolutions between 1.9 A and 1.5 A. The structures of two enzymes complexed with benzoate or propionate identify the binding site for the organic acids which are required for the haloperoxidase activity.(More)
Leishmania parasites are the causative agents of leishmaniasis, manifesting itself in a species-specific manner. The glycan epitopes on the parasite are suggested to be involved in the Leishmania pathogenesis. One of such established species-unique glycan structures is the poly-beta-galactosyl epitope (Galbeta1-3)n found on L. major, which can develop(More)
The establishment of HIV type 1 (HIV-1) infection is initiated by the stable attachment of the virion to the target cell surface. Although this process relies primarily upon interaction between virus-encoded gp120 and cell surface CD4, a number of distinct interactions influence binding of HIV-1 to host cells. In this study, we report that galectin-1, a(More)
Following primary infection with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1), macrophages are thought to play an important role, as they are one of the first target cells the virus encounters and can also sustain a significant production of viruses over extended periods of time. While the interaction between the primary cellular receptor CD4 and the(More)
In the zebrafish, the peripheral neurons and the pigment cells are derived from the neural crest and share the pteridine pathway, which leads either to the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin or to xanthophore pigments. The components of the pteridine pattern were identified as tetrahydrobiopterin, sepiapterin, 7-oxobiopterin, isoxanthopterin, and(More)
Poliovirus mutants (PVpi) selected during the persistent infection of human neuroblastoma cells can establish secondary persistent infections in nonneural HEp-2c cells (I. Pelletier, T. Couderc, S. Borzakian, E. Wyckoff, R. Crainic, E. Ehrenfeld, and F. Colbère-Garapin, 1991, Virology, 180, 729-737). Previous results from our laboratory have also shown(More)
We show that poliovirus (PV) infection induces an increase in cytosolic calcium (Ca(2+)) concentration in neuroblastoma IMR5 cells, at least partly through Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum lumen via the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor (IP(3)R) and ryanodine receptor (RyR) channels. This leads to Ca(2+) accumulation in mitochondria through(More)
Post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) makes possible new approaches for studying the various steps of the viral cycle. Plus-strand RNA viruses appear to be attractive targets for small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), as their genome functions as both mRNA and replication template. PTGS creates an alternative to classic reverse genetics for viruses with(More)