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Poliovirus mutants (PVpi) selected during the persistent infection of human neuroblastoma cells can establish secondary persistent infections in nonneural HEp-2c cells (I. Pelletier, T. Couderc, S. Borzakian, E. Wyckoff, R. Crainic, E. Ehrenfeld, and F. Colbère-Garapin, 1991, Virology, 180, 729-737). Previous results from our laboratory have also shown(More)
In the zebrafish, the peripheral neurons and the pigment cells are derived from the neural crest and share the pteridine pathway, which leads either to the cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin or to xanthophore pigments. The components of the pteridine pattern were identified as tetrahydrobiopterin, sepiapterin, 7-oxobiopterin, isoxanthopterin, and(More)
Poliovirus mutants selected in persistently infected human neuroblastoma cells have a modified cell tropism and can establish a secondary persistent infection in nonneural cells, such as HEp-2c cells. Nucleotide sequence analysis revealed that the genome of a persistent mutant, S11, differed from that of the parental lytic Sabin 1 poliovirus strain by 31(More)
After 2.5 months of persistent infection in human neuroblastoma cells by the type 3 poliovirus (PV3) wild-type Leon strain, a mutant (PVpi), L2-2, capable of establishing a persistent infection in nonneural HEp-2c cells was isolated. Sequence analysis of the viral capsid protein genes revealed the presence of seven missense mutations, three of which were(More)
Following primary infection with human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1), macrophages are thought to play an important role, as they are one of the first target cells the virus encounters and can also sustain a significant production of viruses over extended periods of time. While the interaction between the primary cellular receptor CD4 and the(More)
Recruitment of neutrophils from blood vessels to sites of infection represents one of the most important elements of innate immunity. Movement of neutrophils across blood vessel walls to the site of infection first requires that the migrating cells firmly attach to the endothelial wall. Generally, neutrophil extravasation is mediated at least in part by two(More)
BACKGROUND Pancreatic fistula (PF) and delayed gastric emptying (DGE) are, respectively, the most frightening and most frequent complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). This study was undertaken to determine which independent factors influence the development of PF and DGE after PD. STUDY DESIGN Between January 1996 and December 2005, 131(More)
The cognitive outcome of the surgical removal of an epileptic focus depends on the assessment of the localisation and functional capacity of language and memory areas which need to be spared by the neurosurgeon. Traditionally, presurgical evaluation of epileptic patients has been achieved by means of the intracarotid amobarbital test assisted by(More)
As viral persistence is of major medical importance, well-characterized, simple models are needed to improve our understanding of persistent infections. We have chosen to study the molecular mechanisms of viral persistence with the poliovirus (PV), because this picornavirus is one of the best characterized animal viruses, it infects the central nervous(More)
Six Sabin-derived persistent poliovirus mutants were selected in human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells. The mutants had a titer 30 to 10(5) times lower in nonneural HEp-2c cells than in IMR-32 cells. When the growth cycles of persistent viruses in the two cell lines were compared, the most striking feature was a delay of 2 to 4 hr in virus release from HEp-2c(More)