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OBJECTIVE To quantitate the extent of neuronal cell loss in MS via the whole brain's N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentration (WBNAA). METHODS Because NAA is assumed to be present only in neuronal cell bodies and their axons, we measured WBNAA as a marker for viable neurons in 12 patients (9 women and 3 men, 26 to 53 years of age) suffering from(More)
We report a case of Lyme myelitis in a 31-year-old man, presenting with a conus medullaris syndrome. MRI demonstrated contrast enhancement on the pial surface of the lower thoracic cord and conus medullaris. Elevated blood immunoglobulins and IgM antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were found. Leptomeningitis may be the(More)
The intra-individual and inter-individual variations of the global N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentration were measured in a cohort of five 42+/-5 year-old normal females. The total NAA signal from the whole head was obtained with non-localized non-echo proton spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and converted into absolute mole amounts using phantom replacement. Since NAA(More)
We report an atypical case of cerebral toxoplasmosis (CT) in a 70-year-old woman with a history of breast cancer. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed a single ring-enhancing lesion in the pons with perifocal oedema and mass effect. Toxoplasma encephalitis was suggested by means of diffusion weighted imaging, MR perfusion and MR spectroscopy,(More)
We report the case of a patient with bilateral and symmetrical T2 hyperintensities of the middle cerebellar peduncles. She had a history of left pontine infarction 8 months before. This was attributed to bilateral Wallerian degeneration. MR Spectroscopy showed decreased N-acetyl aspartate/Creatine (NAA/Cr) ratio in the cerebellar peduncles as well as in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common inflammatory disease of the central nervous system and manifests both physical and neurocognitive disabilities. Although predominantly a disease of the white matter, MS is also characterized by lesions in the gray matter. Previous pathologic studies have found that cortical and deep gray(More)
PURPOSE To investigate and characterize the global distribution of magnetization transfer (MT) ratio values of normal-appearing white matter (NAWM) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (MS) and test the hypothesis that the MT histogram for NAWM reflects disease progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS Conventional and MT magnetic resonance(More)
OBJECT Although cognitive impairment has been reported in adults with moyamoya disease (MMD), its relationship with cerebral hemodynamic disturbances has not been investigated. The aims of the present study were to confirm the presence of dysexecutive cognitive syndrome (DCS) in adults with MMD and to explore the relationship of DCS with frontal lobe(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Patterns of DWI findings that predict recurrent ischemic events after TIA are well-established, but similar assessments of intracranial MRA findings are not available. We sought to determine the imaging characteristics of MRA that are predictive of early recurrent stroke/TIA in patients with TIA. MATERIALS AND METHODS We performed a(More)
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumours (IMT), also called inflammatory pseudotumours, nodular lymphoid hyperplasia, plasma-cell granuloma and fibrous xanthoma, are rare soft-tissue lesions characterised by inflammatory cells and a fibrous stroma. Clinically and radiologically, they may look like malignant tumours. They rarely affect the central nervous system(More)