Isabelle Cannie

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Among numerous established human hepatoma cell lines, none has been shown susceptible to hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. We describe here a cell line, called HepaRG, which exhibits hepatocyte-like morphology, expresses specific hepatocyte functions, and supports HBV infection as well as primary cultures of normal human hepatocytes. Differentiation and(More)
The lack of an appropriate in vitro infection system for the major human pathogen hepatitis B virus (HBV) has prevented a molecular understanding of the early infection events of HBV. We used the novel HBV-infectible cell line HepaRG and primary human hepatocytes to investigate the interference of infection by HBV envelope protein-derived peptides. We found(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection frequently leads to liver cancer. To determine the viral factor(s) potentially involved in viral persistence, we focused our work on NS2, a viral protein of unknown function. To assign a role for NS2, we searched for cellular proteins that interact with NS2. Performing a two-hybrid screen on a human liver cDNA(More)
Infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is mainly restricted to humans. This species specificity is likely determined at the early phase of the viral life cycle. Since the envelope proteins are the first viral factors to interact with the cell, they represent attractive candidates for controlling the HBV host range. To investigate this assumption, we took(More)
During the life cycle of hepatitis B virus (HBV), the large envelope protein (L) plays a pivotal role. Indeed, this polypeptide is essential for viral assembly and probably for the infection process. By performing mutagenesis experiments, we have previously excluded a putative involvement of the pre-S2 domain of the L protein in viral infectivity. In the(More)
An occurrence and a magnitude of alcoholic liver diseases depend on the balance between ethanol-induced injury and liver regeneration. Like ethanol, polyamines including putrescine, spermidine, and spermine modulate cell proliferation. Thus, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between effect of ethanol on hepatocyte (HC) proliferation(More)
BACKGROUND Alcoholism increases the risk of cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma development. Iron, like ethanol, modulates the cell growth. However, the relationship between alcohol and iron toward hepatocyte proliferation has not been clearly elucidated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in the human HepaRG cell line model, the impact of(More)
Two oral chelators, CP20 (deferiprone) and ICL670 (deferasirox), have been synthesized for the purpose of treating iron overload diseases, especially thalassemias. Given their antiproliferative effects resulting from the essential role played by iron in cell processes, such compounds might also be useful as anticancer agents. In the present study, we tested(More)
Natural polyamines such as putrescine (Put), spermidine (Spd), and spermine (Spm), which are present in the human diet in large amounts, associated with their active transporter, are assumed to play a role in non-heme iron uptake and iron bioavailability from nutrients. Enterocytes and hepatocytes play pivotal roles in the regulation of body iron(More)
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS The effects of iron-depletion on hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication were examined in HepG2.2.15 cells. METHODS Proliferating cells were iron-depleted with desferrioxamine (DFO), at 20 or 100 microM for 48 h. Levels of viral mRNAs, cytoplasmic DNA replicative intermediates and virion production were examined. A comparative study was(More)