Isabelle Brun-Heath

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Hypophosphatasia is a rare genetic disease characterized by diminished bone and tooth mineralization due to deficient activity of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). The disease is clinically heterogeneous due to different mutations in the TNSALP gene. In order to determine whether mutated TNSALP proteins may be sequestered, degraded, or(More)
Mild hypophosphatasia (HPP) phenotype may result from ALPL gene mutations exhibiting residual alkaline phosphatase activity or from severe heterozygous mutations exhibiting a dominant negative effect. In order to determine the cause of our failure to detect a second mutation by sequencing in patients with mild HPP and carrying on a single heterozygous(More)
Persistent hyperphosphatasia associated with developmental delay and seizures was described in a single family by Mabry et al. 1970 (OMIM 239300), but the nosology of this condition has remained uncertain ever since. We report on five new patients (two siblings, one offspring of consanguineous parents, and two sporadic patients) that help delineate this(More)
Hypophosphatasia is an inherited disorder caused by mutations in the bone alkaline phosphatase gene. We report here 11 new mutations responsible for hypophosphatasia. Four of them were deletions or insertions resulting in frameshift, two affected a donor splice site and five were missense mutations. Site-directed mutagenesis and transfection experiments of(More)
The enzyme tissue non-specific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) belongs to the ectophosphatase family. It is present in large amounts in bone in which it plays a role in mineralization but little is known about its function in other tissues. Arguments are accumulating for its involvement in the brain, in particular in view of the neurological symptoms(More)
Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited bone disease caused by mutations in the alkaline phosphatase liver-type gene (ALPL) gene, with extensive allelic heterogeneity leading to a range of clinical phenotypes. We report here a patient who died from severe lethal hypophosphatasia, who was compound heterozygous for the mutation c.1133A>T (D361V) and the newly(More)
BACKGROUND Infantile hypophosphatasia (IH) is an inherited disorder characterized by defective bone mineralization and a deficiency of alkaline phosphatase activity. OBJECTIVE/DESIGN The aim of the study was to evaluate a new compound heterozygous TNSALP mutation for its residual enzyme activity and localization of the comprised amino acid residues in a(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied hypophosphatasia (HP) mutations in 19 cases prenatally detected by ultrasonography without familial history of HP. We correlated the mutations with the reported ultrasound signs, and discussed genetic counseling with regard to the particular dominantly inherited prenatal benign form of HP. METHOD The coding sequence of the tissue(More)
Hypophosphatasia is a rare inherited bone disorder characterized by defective bone and dental mineralization and deficiency of serum and liver/bone/kidney alkaline phosphatase activity. The disease is due to mutations in the alkaline phosphatase liver-type (ALPL) gene. Gross deletions or insertions have not previously been reported in this gene. We report(More)
Hypophosphatasia is an inherited disorder due to mutations in the bone alkaline phosphatase (ALPL) gene. We report here a patient with childhood hypophosphatasia diagnosed at 1.4 yr because of pectus excavatum, large anterior fontanel, rachitic skeletal changes, and low serum alkaline phosphatase. Sequencing of the ALPL gene produced evidence of two(More)