Isabelle Braud

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Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere Transfer models (SVAT) and Crop Simulation models describe physical and physiological processes occurring in crop canopies. Remote sensing data may be used through assimilation procedures for constraining or driving SVAT and crop models. We developed the coupling between crop, SVAT and radiative transfer models in order to(More)
The reliability of model predictions used in meteorology, agronomy or hydrology is partly linked to an adequate representation of the water and energy balances which are described in so-called SVAT (Soil Vegetation Atmosphere Transfer) models. These models require the specification of many surface properties which can generally be obtained from laboratory(More)
Distributed hydrological models are valuable tools to derive distributed estimation of water balance components or to study the impact of land-use or climate change on water resources and water quality. In these models, the choice of an appropriate spatial discretization is a crucial issue. It is obviously linked to the available data, their spatial(More)
Suburban areas are subject to strong anthropogenic modifications, which can influence hydrological processes. Sewer systems, ditches, sewer overflow devices and retention basins are introduced and large surface areas are sealed off. The knowledge of accurate flow paths and watershed boundaries in these suburban areas is important for storm water management,(More)
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Distributed hydrological models rely on a spatial discretization composed of homogeneous units representing different areas within the catchment. Hydrological Response Units (HRUs) typically form the basis of such a discretization. HRUs are generally obtained by intersecting raster or vector layers of land uses, soil types, geology and sub-catchments.(More)
1 Stable water isotopes such as oxygen 18, are natural tracers of water movement within the 2 soil–vegetation–atmosphere continuum. They provide useful information for a better 3 understanding of evaporation and water vapor transport within soils. This paper presents a 4 novel controlled experimental set up. It is dedicated to detailed measurements of the 5(More)
This study explores how catchment heterogeneity and variability can be summarized in simplified models, representing the dominant hydrological processes. It focuses on Mediterranean catchments, characterized by heterogeneous geology, pedology and land use, as well as steep topography and a rainfall regime in which summer droughts contrast with high-rainfall(More)