Isabelle Braccini

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For many ionic polysaccharides, the ability to form gels in the presence of divalent cations such as calcium is the key to biological functions and technological applications. This is particularly true for alginates and pectins, where the regular occurrence of respectively alpha-L-(1-4)-guluronate residues and alpha-D-galacturonate residues generates(More)
Modeling simulations have been performed on the four regular glycuronans: alpha-D-(1--->4) polygalacturonic, alpha-L-(1--->4) polyguluronic, beta-D-(1--->4) polymannuronic, and beta-D-(1--->4) polyglucuronic acids. The goal of this study was to characterize the similarities and differences in conformational and configurational behavior as well as in calcium(More)
Hyaluronan (HA) is a linear charged polysaccharide whose structure is made up of repeating disaccharide units. Apparently conflicting reports have been published about the nature of the helical structure of HA in the solid state. Recent developments in the field of molecular modeling of polysaccharides offer new opportunities to reexamine the structural(More)
Activation of the phenolic pathway is known to be part of a defense response against cell wall-derived elicitors from pathogens. Many examples of a defense response by increasing the synthesis of phenolic compound against the elicitor were demonstrated in the past, but the elicitor structure has so far been poorly characterized. Our results indicate that a(More)
The ability of pectins to form gels in the presence of calcium is well-known, and it implies the interaction of carboxylate groups and bivalent ions. However, even when most of the galacturonic units are methyl esterified, pectins are able to form gels but only under certain experimental conditions. In this case, hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic(More)
The calculated ensembles found by a heuristic conformational search algorithm, CICADA, for three small carbohydrates, ethyl beta-lactoside, methyl alpha-D-galactoside, and methyl beta-D-galactoside, are evaluated in terms of their ability to reproduce time-averaged optical rotation and NMR data. A unique dynamic model for methyl beta-D-galactoside has been(More)
Over the past decade molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics studies have demonstrated considerable flexibility for carbohydrates. In order to interpret the corresponding NMR parameters, which correspond to a time-averaged or 'virtual' conformer, it is necessary to simulate the experimental data using the averaged geometrical representation obtained with(More)
In the present study a combination of proton and carbon relaxation rates have been measured for several oligosaccharides at different temperatures. Correlation times, which have been calculated from both sets of data, have been compared in an attempt to establish the relative rate of internal motion. All the data suggest that these motions are not slow with(More)
Xyloglucan polymers have been isolated from cyclamen seeds and characterized by both liquid and CP-MAS 13C NMR spectroscopy. Treatment of the polysaccharides with cellulase from Trichoderma viride afforded XG oligomers which have been studied with both mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. The repeating unit in the intact polymers and the most abundant(More)