Learn More
Germinal activating mutations of FGFR3 are responsible for several forms of dwarfism due to the inhibitory effect of FGFR3 on bone growth. Surprisingly, identical somatic activating mutations have been found at the somatic level in tumours: at high frequency in benign epithelial tumours (seborrheic keratosis, urothelial papilloma) and in low-grade,(More)
Genetic and epigenetic alterations have been identified that lead to transcriptional deregulation in cancers. Genetic mechanisms may affect single genes or regions containing several neighboring genes, as has been shown for DNA copy number changes. It was recently reported that epigenetic suppression of gene expression can also extend to a whole region;(More)
Muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma (MIBC) constitutes a heterogeneous group of tumors with a poor outcome. Molecular stratification of MIBC may identify clinically relevant tumor subgroups and help to provide effective targeted therapies. From seven series of large-scale transcriptomic data (383 tumors), we identified an MIBC subgroup accounting for 23.5% of(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is a 18-kDa heparin-binding polypeptide that is highly expressed in developing tissues and in several primary human tumors. It seems to play a key role in cellular growth and differentiation. In vitro, HARP displays mitogenic, angiogenic, and neurite outgrowth activities. It is a secreted protein that is organized in(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is an heparin-binding growth factor, highly expressed in several primary human tumors and considered as a rate-limiting angiogenic factor in tumor growth, invasion, and metastasis. Implication of this protein in carcinogenesis is linked to its mitogenic, angiogenic, and transforming activities. Recently, we have(More)
Extracting relevant information from large-scale data offers unprecedented opportunities in cancerology. We applied independent component analysis (ICA) to bladder cancer transcriptome data sets and interpreted the components using gene enrichment analysis and tumor-associated molecular, clinicopathological, and processing information. We identified(More)
The 8p11-12 chromosome region is one of the regions most frequently amplified in breast carcinoma (10-15% of cases). Several genes within this region have been identified as candidate oncogenes, as they are both amplified and overexpressed. However, very few studies have explored the role of these genes in cell transformation, with the aim of identifying(More)
Heparin affin regulatory peptide (HARP) is an heparin-binding molecule involved in the regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation. Here, we report that HARP inhibited the biological activity induced by the 165-amino-acid form of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) on human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Endothelial-cell proliferation(More)
Milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor-factor VIII (MFGE8), also called lactadherin or SED1, is a secreted integrin-binding protein that promotes elimination of apoptotic cells by phagocytes leading to tolerogenic immune responses, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced angiogenesis: two important processes for cancer development. Here, by(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN), is a heparin-dependent growth factor involved in angiogenesis and tumor growth. PTN contains a thrombospondin repeat-I (TSR-I) motif in its two beta-sheet domains that are involved in its binding to heparin and its neurite outgrowth activity. Based on the importance of the binding of PTN to heparin in its dimerization and biological(More)