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Regional patterning of the cerebral cortex is initiated by morphogens secreted by patterning centers that establish graded expression of transcription factors within cortical progenitors. Here, we show that Dmrt5 is expressed in cortical progenitors in a high-caudomedial to low-rostrolateral gradient. In its absence, the cortex is strongly reduced and(More)
Expression of the genes encoding Reelin and Dab1 during cortical development in turtle, lizard, chick and mammals correlates with architectonic patterns. In all species, Reelin is secreted by marginal zone cells, whereas Dab1, which mediates the response to Reelin, is synthesized by cortical plate neurons. This pattern was presumably present in stem(More)
In the embryonic CNS, the development of axonal tracts is required for the formation of connections and is regulated by multiple genetic and microenvironmental factors. Here we show that mice with inactivation of Celsr3, an ortholog of Drosophila melanogaster flamingo (fmi; also known as starry night, stan) that encodes a seven-pass protocadherin, have(More)
Reelin is the extracellular protein defective in reeler mice. It is believed that reelin acts via the extracellular matrix to influence the development of nearby neurons, but the mechanism remains thus far unknown. In the present work, we present in vivo and in vitro evidence that reelin is cleaved. This processing did not occur in Relnrl-Orl mutant mice in(More)
The Disabled-1 (Dab1) gene encodes a key regulator of Reelin signaling. Reelin is a large glycoprotein secreted by neurons of the developing brain, particularly Cajal-Retzius cells. The DAB1 protein docks to the intracellular part of the Reelin very low density lipoprotein receptor and apoE receptor type 2 and becomes tyrosine-phosphorylated following(More)
The structure and developmental expression pattern of the ankyrin repeat domain 6 (Ankrd6) gene, initially named Diversin, were studied in the mouse. Ankrd6 is transcribed as a 5.8-kb mRNA composed of 15 exons that encodes a 712 amino acid protein with 6 ankyrin repeats. Ankrd6 is expressed prominently in the developing brain from E12 to maturity,(More)
Development of axonal tracts requires interactions between growth cones and the environment. Tracts such as the anterior commissure and internal capsule are defective in mice with null mutation of Celsr3. We generated a conditional Celsr3 allele, allowing regional inactivation. Inactivation in telencephalon, ventral forebrain, or cortex demonstrated(More)
The expression of reelin messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) was studied during embryonic brain development in the turtle Emys orbicularis, by using radioactive in situ hybridization. A high expression was consistently found in the olfactory bulb and in a few neurons in the marginal zone and, to a lesser extent, in the subplate of the dorsal and medial(More)
The expression of reelin mRNA was studied during embryonic brain development in the chick, by using in situ hybridization. Reelin was highly expressed in the olfactory bulb and in subpial neurons in the marginal zone of the cerebral cortex. In the diencephalon, the ventral division of lateral geniculate nuclei and perirotundal nuclei were strongly positive.(More)
The expression of reelin mRNA and protein was studied during embryonic brain development in the lacertilian lizards L. viridis and L. galloti, by using radioactive in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. At all stages studied, high reelin expression was consistently found in the olfactory bulb, in the lateral cortex, and in neurons of the marginal(More)