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BACKGROUND The SCN5A gene encoding the human cardiac sodium channel alpha subunit plays a key role in cardiac electrophysiology. Mutations in SCN5A lead to a large spectrum of phenotypes, including long-QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome, and isolated progressive cardiac conduction defect (Lenègre disease). METHODS AND RESULTS In the present study, we report(More)
Ca2+- and Ba2+-permeable channel activity from adult rat ventricular myocytes, spontaneously appeared in the three single-channel recording configurations: cell-attached, and excised inside-out or outside-out membrane patches. Single-channel activity was recorded at steady-state applied membrane potentials including the entire range of physiologic values,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to describe a new familial cardiac phenotype and to elucidate the electrophysiological mechanism responsible for the disease. BACKGROUND Mutations in several genes encoding ion channels, especially SCN5A, have emerged as the basis for a variety of inherited cardiac arrhythmias. METHODS Three unrelated families(More)
Long Q-T mutant (KvLQT1) K(+) channels associate with their regulatory subunit IsK to produce the slow component of the delayed rectifier potassium (I(Ks)) cardiac current. The amplitude of KvLQT1 current depends on the expression of a KvLQT1 splice variant (isoform 2) that exerts strong dominant negative effects on the full-length KvLQT1 protein (isoform(More)
Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP(2)) is a major signaling molecule implicated in the regulation of various ion transporters and channels. Here we show that PIP(2) and intracellular MgATP control the activity of the KCNQ1/KCNE1 potassium channel complex. In excised patch-clamp recordings, the KCNQ1/KCNE1 current decreased spontaneously with time.(More)
Agonists of the serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine 4 (5-HT4) receptor are widely used to activate motility in the gastrointestinal tract. Among these, cisapride was recently withdrawn from the U.S. market because of its proarrhythmic effects. Cisapride is a potent blocker of human ether-à-gogo (HERG) K(+) channels and prolongs the cardiac action potential in a(More)
In human cardiac myocytes, we have previously identified a functional beta3-adrenoceptor in which stimulation reduces action potential duration. Surprisingly, in cardiac biopsies obtained from cystic fibrosis patients, beta3-adrenoceptor agonists produced no effects on action potential duration. This result suggests the involvement of cystic fibrosis(More)
Mutations in the KvLQT1 gene are the cause for the long QT syndrome [Circulation 94:1996-2012 (1996)]. Coexpression of KvLQT1 in association with the channel regulator protein IsK produces a K+ current with characteristics reminiscent of the slow component of the delayed rectifier in cardiac myocytes. We explored the pharmacological properties of(More)
Nearly a hundred different KCNQ1 mutations have been reported as leading to the cardiac long QT syndrome, characterized by prolonged QT interval, syncopes, and sudden death. We have previously shown that phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) regulates the KCNQ1-KCNE1 complex. In the present study, we show that PIP2 affinity is reduced in three KCNQ1(More)
BACKGROUND Although well-defined clinically and electrocardiographically, Acquired Long QT Syndrome (LQTS) remains elusive from a pathophysiologic point of view. An increasingly accepted hypothesis is that it represents an attenuated form of Congenital Long QT Syndrome. To test this hypothesis further, we investigated patients with Acquired LQTS, using(More)