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We examined the effects of intrathecal nociceptin, the endogenous ligand for the orphan opioid receptor-like receptor, on abnormal pain-related behaviors in rats after carrageenan-induced inflammation and photochemically-induced peripheral nerve or spinal cord ischemic injury. Intrathecal nociceptin dose-dependently alleviated mechanical and cold(More)
We examined and compared the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 on the nociceptive flexor reflex in decerebrate, spinalized, unanesthetized rats. I.t. endomorphin-1 and -2 induced a dose-dependent depression of the flexor reflex with an initial brief facilitatory effect. The magnitude of reflex facilitation and depression was(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) plays an important role in the descending control of nociception. 5-HT and its receptors have been extensively studied in the modulation of nociceptive transmission at the spinal level using behavioral tests that may be affected by the effects of 5-HT on motor performance and skin temperature. Using electrophysiological(More)
The effects of intrathecal (i.t.) application of the proposed nociceptin receptor antagonist [Nphe1]nociceptin(1-13)NH2 on the flexor reflex was evaluated in spinalized rats. I.t. [Nphe1]nociceptin (1-13)NH2 dose-dependently facilitated the flexor reflex with no depression. Pretreatment with 16.5 nmol of [Nphe1]nociceptin(1-13)NH2 prevented the development(More)
We have examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of [Leu31,Pro34]-neuropeptide Y (NPY) or NPY-(13-36), selective agonists of NPY Y1 or Y2 receptors, respectively, on the excitability of the flexor reflex in normal rats and after unilateral transection of the sciatic nerve. In rats with intact and sectioned sciatic nerves, i.t.(More)
We studied the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) nocistatin, a peptide identified from the precursor of orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ) on the spinal nociceptive flexor reflex in decerebrate, spinalized, unanesthetized rats and its interaction with i.t. OFQ. Nocistatin induced a moderate, non-dose-dependent facilitation of the flexor reflex without producing(More)
We previously reported that vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1, or TRPV1) was up-regulated in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and the spinal dorsal horn after chronic inflammatory pain produced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) injection into the plantar of rat hind paw. In the present study, we found that subcutaneous or intrathecal application of capsazepine(More)
We examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of neuropeptide Y (NPY) on the excitability of the flexor reflex in normal rats and 24 h after inflammation induced by subcutaneous carrageenan. In normal rats, i.t. NPY at low doses (10 and 100 ng) caused a brief facilitation of the flexor reflex with no subsequent depression. At higher doses (1(More)
We have previously suggested that the neuropeptides galanin and galanin message-associated peptide (GMAP) may have an inhibitory role in spinal nociception. The present study examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of these two peptides on allodynia-like behaviours in response to mechanical and cold stimulation in rats after(More)
Nociceptin and its receptor are present in dorsal spinal cord, indicating a possible role for this peptide in pain transmission. The majority of functional studies using behavioral and electrophysiological studies have shown that nociceptin applied at spinal level produces antinociception through pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms. The spinal inhibitory(More)