Isabella Shi Xu

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We have previously suggested that the neuropeptides galanin and galanin message-associated peptide (GMAP) may have an inhibitory role in spinal nociception. The present study examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of these two peptides on allodynia-like behaviours in response to mechanical and cold stimulation in rats after(More)
We examined the effects of intrathecal nociceptin, the endogenous ligand for the orphan opioid receptor-like receptor, on abnormal pain-related behaviors in rats after carrageenan-induced inflammation and photochemically-induced peripheral nerve or spinal cord ischemic injury. Intrathecal nociceptin dose-dependently alleviated mechanical and cold(More)
We examined and compared the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) endomorphin-1 and endomorphin-2 on the nociceptive flexor reflex in decerebrate, spinalized, unanesthetized rats. I.t. endomorphin-1 and -2 induced a dose-dependent depression of the flexor reflex with an initial brief facilitatory effect. The magnitude of reflex facilitation and depression was(More)
Nociceptin and its receptor are present in dorsal spinal cord, indicating a possible role for this peptide in pain transmission. The majority of functional studies using behavioral and electrophysiological studies have shown that nociceptin applied at spinal level produces antinociception through pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms. The spinal inhibitory(More)
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) plays an important role in the descending control of nociception. 5-HT and its receptors have been extensively studied in the modulation of nociceptive transmission at the spinal level using behavioral tests that may be affected by the effects of 5-HT on motor performance and skin temperature. Using electrophysiological(More)
BACKGROUND Increased response to mechanical or cold stimulation of hind paws was observed in rats with partial sciatic nerve injury as a result of photochemically induced ischemia. The present study examined the effects of intrathecal morphine, clonidine and baclofen on the allodynia-like responses. METHODS The left sciatic nerves of rats were irradiated(More)
We studied the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) nocistatin, a peptide identified from the precursor of orphanin FQ/nociceptin (OFQ) on the spinal nociceptive flexor reflex in decerebrate, spinalized, unanesthetized rats and its interaction with i.t. OFQ. Nocistatin induced a moderate, non-dose-dependent facilitation of the flexor reflex without producing(More)
The effects of exogenous and endogenous galanin on spinal flexor reflex excitability was evaluated in rats one to eight days after the induction of inflammation by subcutaneous injection of carrageenan into the sural nerve innervation area. In normal rats, electrical stimulation of C-fibres in the sural nerve elicited a brisk reflex discharge. Conditioning(More)
We have examined the effects of intrathecal (i.t.) administration of [Leu31,Pro34]-neuropeptide Y (NPY) or NPY-(13-36), selective agonists of NPY Y1 or Y2 receptors, respectively, on the excitability of the flexor reflex in normal rats and after unilateral transection of the sciatic nerve. In rats with intact and sectioned sciatic nerves, i.t.(More)
We previously reported that vanilloid receptor type 1 (VR1, or TRPV1) was up-regulated in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) and the spinal dorsal horn after chronic inflammatory pain produced by complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) injection into the plantar of rat hind paw. In the present study, we found that subcutaneous or intrathecal application of capsazepine(More)