Isabella O. Nascimento

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Our aim was to observe if patients with panic disorder (PD) and patients with major depression with panic attacks (MDP) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition criteria) respond in a similar way to the induction of panic attacks by an oral caffeine challenge test. We randomly selected 29 patients with PD, 27 with MDP, 25 with(More)
It has been reported that the lifetime prevalence of panic disorder in patients with pulmonary disease is higher than epidemiologic estimates of population prevalence. We evaluated the frequency of anxiety disorders in 86 subjects from the Outpatient Asthma Clinic. Psychiatric diagnoses were assessed with the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview(More)
Our aim was to describe the clinical features of hyperventilation-induced panic attacks (HPA) in panic disorder patients - DSM-IV - and to compare them with their spontaneous panic attacks and with spontaneous panic attacks in panic disorder (PD) patients not sensible to the hyperventilation challenge test. We reexamined 88 previously studied PD patients(More)
Our aim was to determine whether panic disorder (PD) patients, major depressive patients without panic attacks (MD) and major depressive patients with panic attacks (MDP) respond similarly to hyperventilation challenge tests. We randomly selected 35 PD patients, 33 MDP patients, 27 MD patients and 30 normal volunteers with no family history of anxiety or(More)
Our aim was to describe the clinical features of 35% CO2-induced panic attacks in patients with panic disorder (PD) (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition) and compare them with the last spontaneous panic attack in patients with PD who had not had a panic attack after the 35% CO2 challenge test. We examined 91 patients with(More)
Studies have demonstrated the vulnerability of anxiety disorder patients to challenge tests. Our aim was to observe if panic disorder (PD) patients and generalized social anxiety disorder (GSAD) and performance social anxiety disorder (PSAD) patients respond in a similar way to the induction of anxiety symptoms and panic attacks by an oral caffeine(More)
Our aim was to compare the demographic and psychopathological features of panic disorder (PD) patients who underwent hyperventilation and breath-holding challenge tests, and to describe the features of patients who had a panic attack after both tests versus those patients who did not experience panic after either test. Eighty-five PD patients were induced(More)
In this study 117 panic disorder patients were divided into a respiratory subtype group and a non-respiratory subtype group. The respiratory subtype patients were observed to be more sensitive to the 35% CO(2) inhalation challenge test and the hyperventilation test than the non-respiratory subtype patients.
The demographic, clinical and therapeutic features of the respiratory subtype of panic disorder (PD) versus the non-respiratory subtype were studied in a prospective design. Sixty-seven PD outpatients (DSM-IV), who had previously been categorized into respiratory (n=35) and non-respiratory (n=32) subgroups, were openly treated with clonazepam for a 3-year(More)
UNLABELLED Respiratory abnormalities are associated with anxiety, particularly with panic attacks. Symptoms such as shortness of breath, "empty-head" feeling, dizziness, paresthesias and tachypnea have been described in the psychiatric and respiratory physiology related to panic disorder. Panic disorder patients exhibit both behaviorally and physiologically(More)