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MicroRNAs are a class of sophisticated regulators of gene expression, acting as post-transcriptional inhibitors that recognize their target mRNAs through base pairing with short regions along the 3'UTRs. Several microRNAs are tissue specific, suggesting a specialized role in tissue differentiation or maintenance, and quite a few are critically involved in(More)
The SspB cysteine protease of Staphylococcus aureus is expressed in an operon, flanked by the sspA serine protease, and sspC, encoding a 12.9-kDa protein of unknown function. SspB was expressed as a 40-kDa prepropeptide pSspB, which did not undergo autocatalytic maturation. Activity of pSspB was reduced compared with 22-kDa mature SspB, but it was(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to investigate whether human megakaryocytic cells have an adaptive response to aspirin treatment, leading to an enhancement of multidrug resistance protein-4 (MRP4) expression in circulating platelets responsible for a reduced aspirin action. We recently found that platelet MRP4 overexpression has a role in reducing aspirin(More)
High mobility group A1 (HMGA1) is an architectural transcription factor and a putative protoncogene. Deregulation of its expression has been shown in most human cancers. We have previously shown that the expression of the HMGA family members is deregulated in neuroblastoma cell lines and primary tumors. On retinoic acid (RA) treatment of MYCN-amplified(More)
MYCN amplification occurs in approximately 20% of human neuroblastomas and is associated with early tumor progression and poor outcome, despite intensive multimodal treatment. However, MYCN overexpression also sensitizes neuroblastoma cells to apoptosis. Thus, uncovering the molecular mechanisms linking MYCN to apoptosis might contribute to designing more(More)
Very soon after their original identification in HeLa cells in 1983, HMGA proteins appeared as interesting cancer-related molecules. Indeed, they were immediately noted as a sub-class of High Mobility Group proteins induced in fibroblast or epithelial cells transformed with sarcoma viruses. After more than 20 years, the association between HMGA protein(More)
Reactivation of the HMGA1 protoncogene is very frequent in human cancer, but still very little is known on the molecular mechanisms leading to this event. Prompted by the finding of putative E2F binding sites in the human HMGA1 promoter and by the frequent deregulation of the RB/E2F1 pathway in human carcinogenesis, we investigated whether E2F1 might(More)
Platelet multidrug resistance protein4 (MRP4)-overexpression has a role in reducing aspirin action. Aspirin in vivo treatment enhances platelet MRP4 expression and MRP4 mediated transport inhibition reduces platelet function and delays thrombus formation. The aim of our work was to verify whether MRP4 expression is enhanced in platelets obtained from(More)
HMGA1 is a member of a small family of architectural transcription factors involved in the coordinate assembly of multiprotein complexes referred to as enhanceosomes. In addition to their role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and development, high-mobility group proteins of the A type (HMGA) family members behave as transforming protoncogenes either(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are often undetected through the immunomagnetic epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM)-based CellSearch(®) System in breast and colorectal cancer (CRC) patients treated with bevacizumab (BEV), where low CTC numbers have been reported even in patients with evidence of progression of disease. To date, the reasons(More)