Isabella Laura Simone

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OBJECTIVES To establish the prognostic role of clinical and demographic factors in a hospital-based cohort of MS patients categorized by age at clinical onset and clinical course. METHODS Eighty-three patients with MS had a clinical onset of the disease in childhood (age <16 years; early-onset MS [EOMS]) and 710 in adult age (between 16 and 65 years;(More)
From the retrospective study of 3375 patients affected by clinically definite or probable multiple sclerosis (MS), 149 patients were collected with onset of the disease before the age of 16 years (4.4%). Female/male ratio was higher than that of the adult onset MS (AOMS) population (2.2 vs 1.6) particularly at ages of onset after 12 years (3.0, P = 0.007 vs(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent evidence from neuropsychologic and neuroimaging studies suggests that central nervous system involvement in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) extends beyond motor neurons. Our purpose was to obtain measures of global and regional atrophy in nondemented patients with ALS to assess subtle structural brain changes. METHODS MR(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) atrophy and lesion load in a large population of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) using a fully automated, operator-independent, multiparametric segmentation method. METHODS The study population consisted of 597 patients with MS and 104 control subjects. The MRI parameters were abnormal WM(More)
BACKGROUND To date there are no biomarkers with proven reliability as a measure of disease burden in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of our study is to assess the neurofilament light chain (NFL) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples as a measure of disease activity and progression in ALS. METHODS Thirty-seven consecutive patients with ALS, 25(More)
Clinical and experimental findings suggest that humoral factors, such as anti-peripheral nerve antibodies and cytokines, may be implicated in the immunopathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a multifunctional cytokine that promotes immunoglobulin synthesis(More)
BACKGROUND Fatigue is a major problem in multiple sclerosis (MS), and its association with MRI features is debated. OBJECTIVE To study the correlation between fatigue and lesion load, white matter (WM), and grey matter (GM), in MS patients independent of disability. METHODS We studied 222 relapsing remitting MS patients with low disability (scores <or=2(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure survivorship and predictors of prognosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). METHODS Incident cases, diagnosed in the 1998-1999 period and classified according to the El Escorial criteria, were enrolled from a prospective population based registry established in Puglia, Southern Italy, with a reference population of 4,025,329.(More)
Mutations in CHCHD10 have recently been described as a cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) comorbid with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of this study was to assess the frequency and clinical characteristics of CHCHD10 mutations in Italian patients diagnosed with familial (n = 64) and apparently sporadic ALS (n = 224). Three apparently(More)
High titers of antibodies directed against gangliosides, especially GM1, are found in the serum of patients with a variety of polyneuropathies, including those of the inflammatory type. We assayed anti-GM1 IgG and IgM levels in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of 23 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and 10 with chronic inflammatory(More)