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The relation between consumption of regular and decaffeinated coffee and other methylxanthine-containing beverages and bladder cancer was analysed in a case-control study in two different areas of northern Italy (555 cases and 855 controls). The multivariate relative risk (RR) adjusted for smoking, occupation and sociodemographic variables for coffee(More)
The growth cycle in nutrient-rich, aquatic environments starts with a diatom bloom that ends in mass sinking of ungrazed cells and phytodetritus. The low grazing pressure on these blooms has been attributed to the inability of overwintering copepod populations to track them temporally. We tested an alternative explanation: that dominant diatom species(More)
The availability of standardized protocols for both organism culture and bioassay with ecologically relevant species is of great concern in ecotoxicology. Acartia tonsa represents an important, often dominant, member of zooplankton communities and meets all the practical criteria suggested for model species. New standardized procedures for laboratory(More)
Evidence is presented that hatching failure in Temora stylifera eggs can depend on poor sperm quality. Three dinoflagellate diets, Prorocentrum micans, Gymnodinium sanguinium, and Gonyaulax polyedra, significantly modified spermatophore production and reduced the fertilization capacity of male sperm after 6–12 d of continuous feeding. Two other diets, the(More)
The effects of bioactive aldehydes from diatoms, unicellular algae at the base of the marine food web, were studied on fertilization and early development processes of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis. Using whole-cell voltage clamp techniques, we show that 2-trans-4-trans-decadienal (DD) and 2-trans-4-cis-7-cis-decatrienal (DT) inhibited the fertilization(More)
In the last decade, there has been an increased awareness that secondary metabolites produced by marine diatoms negatively impact the reproductive success of their principal predators, the copepods. Several oxylipins, products of the enzymatic oxidation of fatty acids, are produced when these unicellular algae are damaged, as occurs during grazing. In the(More)
The diatom-derived aldehyde 2-trans-4-trans-decadienal (DD) was tested as an apoptogenic inducer in both copepod and sea urchin embryos, using terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labelling (TUNEL), DNA fragmentation profiling (laddering) and an assay for caspase-3 activity. DD induced TUNEL positivity and DNA laddering, but not(More)
The relationship between various diseases and immunisations and the risk of multiple myeloma was analysed using data from a hospital-based case-control study conducted in Northern Italy on 117 patients with multiple myeloma and 477 controls. Associations were observed for clinical history of scarlet fever (relative risk, RR = 2.0; 95% confidence interval,(More)
Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl2 and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with(More)
Giant liposomes are proposed as a potential delivery system in marine copepods, the dominant constituent of the zooplankton. Liposomes were prepared in the same size range as the food ingested by copepods (mean diameter of about 7 microm). The encapsulation of a hydrophilic and high molecular mass fluorescent compound, fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran(More)