Isabela Penna Ceravolo

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Duffy binding protein (DBP), a leading malaria vaccine candidate, plays a critical role in Plasmodium vivax erythrocyte invasion. Sixty-eight of 366 (18.6%) subjects had IgG anti-DBP antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in a community-based cross-sectional survey in the Brazilian Amazon Basin. Despite continuous exposure to low-level(More)
Thirty-five Trypanosoma cruzi strains were isolated from chronic chagasic patients, triatomines and opossums from different municipalities of the State of Rio Grande do Sul. Parasites were characterized by means of mice infectivity, enzyme electrophoresis and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. Twenty-nine strains were isolated from chagasic(More)
The function of the Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (DBP) during the erythrocyte invasion process is critical for successful parasite growth and pathogenesis in human infections. Although DBP is the subject of intensive malaria vaccine research, investigations on the functional proprieties of anti-DBP antibodies in the human population have been(More)
The Duffy binding protein of Plasmodium vivax (DBP) is a critical adhesion ligand that participates in merozoite invasion of human Duffy-positive erythrocytes. A small outbreak of P. vivax malaria, in a village located in a non-malarious area of Brazil, offered us an opportunity to investigate the DBP immune responses among individuals who had their first(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Duffy blood group is of major interest in clinical medicine as it is not only involved in blood-transfusion risks and occasionally in neonatal haemolytic disease, but it is also the receptor for the human malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax in the erythrocyte invasion. The aim of this study was to develop a rapid and inexpensive(More)
Several species of Aspidosperma (Apocynaceae) are used as treatments for human diseases in the tropics. Aspidosperma olivaceum, which is used to treat fevers in some regions of Brazil, contains the monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (MIAs) aspidoscarpine, uleine, apparicine, and N-methyl-tetrahydrolivacine. Using bio-guided fractionation and cytotoxicity(More)
The diterpene ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid (1) was identified as the trypanocidal component of the ethanolic extract from Mikania obtusata D. C. (Asteraceae). This compound presents an IC50 of 0.5 mg/ml (1.66 mM) against the trypomastigote blood form of the Trypanosoma cruzi, the causative agent of Chagas' disease (American trypanosomiasis).
The ability of up-regulatory [recombinant (r) IFN-gamma, rIFN-beta and rTNF-alpha] and down-regulatory (rIL-4, rIL-10 and rIL-13) cytokines to control the expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (INDO) and anti-Toxoplasma activity in the human fibrosarcoma cell line 2C4 was evaluated. Activation of fibroblasts with rIFN-gamma, rIFN-beta and rTNF-alpha(More)
Plasmodium vivax Duffy binding protein (DBP) is functionally important in the erythrocyte invasion process and provides a logical target for vaccine-mediated immunity. In the current study, we demonstrated that DBP is naturally immunogenic in different populations of the Brazilian Amazon, and the proportions of DBP IgG positive subjects increased with(More)
To study the role of tryptophan degradation by indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenase (INDO) in the control of Trypanosoma cruzi or Toxoplasma gondii replication, we used human fibroblasts and a fibrosarcoma cell line (2C4). The cells were cultured in the presence or absence of recombinant gamma interferon (rIFN-gamma) and/or recombinant tumor necrosis factor alpha(More)