Isabel de la Mata

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The mechanism of irreversible thermoinactivation of endoglucanase I from Trichoderma reesei has been determined at 70 degrees C at the pH of maximum enzyme activity. The time-course of thermoinactivation did not follow first-order kinetics and kinetic constants of the process were dependent on enzyme concentration, suggesting that aggregation was the main(More)
The ascomycin-producer strain Streptomyces ascomycinicus has been proven to be an extracellular poly(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) degrader. The fkbU gene, encoding a PHB depolymerase (PhaZ Sa ), has been cloned in E. coli and Rhodococcus sp. T104 strains for gene expression. Gram-positive host Rhodococcus sp. T104 was able to produce and secrete to the(More)
Nucleoside 2'-deoxyribosyltransferase (NDT) from the psychrophilic bacterium Bacillus psychrosaccharolyticus CECT 4074 has been cloned and produced for the first time. A preliminary characterization of the recombinant protein indicates that the enzyme is an NDT type II since it catalyzes the transfer of 2'-deoxyribose between purines and pyrimidines. The(More)
d-amino acid oxidase from Trigonopsis variabilis (TvDAAO) is a flavoenzyme with high biotechnological and industrial interest. The overexpression and purification of the apoprotein form of a recombinant His-tagged TvDAAO allowed us to go deep into the structural differences between apoenzyme and holoenzyme, and on the cofactor binding and its contribution(More)
The variation of kinetic parameters of d-amino acid oxidase from Rhodotorula gracilis with pH was used to gain information about the chemical mechanism of the oxidation of D-amino acids catalysed by this flavoenzyme. d-Alanine was the substrate used. The pH dependence of Vmax and Vmax/Km for alanine as substrate showed that a group with a pK value of(More)
A novel type II nucleoside 2'-deoxyribosyltransferase from Lactobacillus reuteri (LrNDT) has been cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The recombinant LrNDT has been structural and functionally characterized. Sedimentation equilibrium analysis revealed a homohexameric molecule of 114 kDa. Circular dichroism studies have showed a secondary structure(More)
Aculeacin A acylase from Actinoplanes utahensis (AuAAC), an amidohydrolase able to catalyze the acyl moieties of antifungal echinocandin antibiotics, has been also described to efficiently hydrolyze penicillin V and natural aliphatic penicillins to yield 6-aminopenicillanic acid (6-APA). Hence, taking into account its potential use in the synthesis of(More)
The variation of kinetic parameters of beta-glucosidase from Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 with pH was used to gain information about the chemical mechanism of the reaction catalysed by this enzyme. The pH-dependence of Vmax. and Vmax./Km for p-nitrophenyl beta-D-glucopyranoside showed that a group with a pK value of 4.3 must be unprotonated and a group with a(More)
Nineteen medium-chain-length (mcl) poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate) (PHA)-degrading microorganisms were isolated from natural sources. From them, seven Gram-positive and three Gram-negative bacteria were identified. The ability of these microorganisms to hydrolyze other biodegradable plastics, such as short-chain-length (scl) PHA, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL),(More)
In the early 1990s, most Latin American and Caribbean countries were beginning, or planning to begin, health sector reform processes. This paper presents the status and trends of health sector reform at the end of the 1990s. The authors relied on information in 20 health system and services profiles completed by the Pan American Health Organization between(More)