Isabel V. Hernández

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In this study, we tested whether estrogen deficiency is associated with oxidative stress and decreased nitric oxide (NO) production, which could be responsible for an increased blood pressure in ovariectomized rats. Hemodynamic studies were performed on conscious, chronically instrumented rats. Chronic estrogen replacement on ovariectomized rats lowered(More)
OBJECTIVES Accumulating data provide evidence that some metabolites of 17beta-estradiol are biologically active and mediate multiple effects on the cardiovascular and renal systems. We investigated the effect of 2-methoxyestradiol (an active metabolite of estradiol with non-feminizing activity) on the development of hypertension and myocardial vascular(More)
In conscious rats with experimental cirrhosis without ascites, we have studied whether there is a limited cardiac preload reserve by performing cardiac output (CO) curves. CO was determined by thermodilution at basal, 5, 7.5, and 10 cmH2O of right atrial pressure (RAP). RAP was elevated by dextran infusion (1 ml/min iv, 30 min). CO curves were performed by(More)
Induction of immune tolerance as therapeutic approach for autoimmune diseases constitutes a current research focal point. In this sense, we aimed to evaluate an altered peptide ligand (APL) for induction of peripheral tolerance in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A novel T-cell epitope from human heat-shock protein 60 (Hsp60), an autoantigen(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study evaluated whether estrogen influences the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition in preventing the vascular remodeling induced by hypertension and also investigated the signal mechanism involved in that effect. DESIGN Ten-week-old female spontaneously hypertensive rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and randomly assigned(More)
Lamb rennet pastes were prepared by the procedure most commonly used by Idiazabal cheese manufacturers. We studied the effects on their coagulating and lipolytic activities of the state of the stomach at the time of death (full of milk or empty), the amount of NaCl added, the origin of the lambs and paste storage time. Coagulating activities were generally(More)
OBJECTIVE Estrogens may induce cardioprotective effects and prevent neointima formation in response to vascular injury in vivo. The present study evaluated the effect of 17beta-estradiol on myocardial arterial remodeling and on vascular mitogen-activated protein kinase expression in experimental hypertension. DESIGN The experiments were performed in(More)
The aim of this work was to investigate, in an experimental model of diabetes mellitus, the levels of renin activity in vascular and adrenal tissues and their relationship to several circulating renin-angiotensin system components. Rats with chronic (12 weeks) streptozocin-induced diabetes showed a significant decrease in plasma renin activity (PRA), plasma(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced by oxidative stress and plays an important role in protecting the kidney from oxidant-mediated damage in the streptozotocin (STZ) rat model of type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM-1). HO-derived metabolites, presumably carbon monoxide (CO), mediate vasodilatory influences in the renal circulation, particularly in conditions linked(More)
OBJECTIVE To verify the effects of liver glutathione depletion on redox status and nitric oxide system in a rat endotoxic shock model. DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled study on rats. SETTING A cardiocirculatory research laboratory. SUBJECTS A total of 28 Sprague-Dawley male rats (200-250 g body weight) were divided into four experimental(More)