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BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin domains contain about 100 amino acid residues folded into two beta-sheets and stabilized in a sandwich by a conserved central disulfide bridge. Whether antibodies actually require disulfide bonds for stability has long been a matter of debate. The contribution made by the central disulfide bridge to the overall folding stability of(More)
Endo-beta-1,4-d-mannanase is the key depolymerizing enzyme for beta-1,4-mannan polymers present in the cell walls of plants and some algae, as well as in some types of plant seeds. Endo-1,4-beta-mannanase from blue mussel Mytilus edulis (MeMan5A) belongs to the glycoside hydrolase (GH) family 5 enzymes. The MeMan5A structure has been determined to 1.6A(More)
Recent advances in ab initio direct methods have enabled the solution of crystal structures of small proteins from native X-ray data alone, that is, without the use of fragments of known structure or the need to prepare heavy-atom or selenomethionine derivatives, provided that the data are available to atomic resolution. These methods are also proving to be(More)
The alkylsulfatase AtsK from Pseudomonas putida S-313 belongs to the widespread and versatile non-heme iron(II) alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase superfamily and catalyzes the oxygenolytic cleavage of a variety of different alkyl sulfate esters to the corresponding aldehyde and sulfate. The enzyme is only expressed under sulfur starvation(More)
The regulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) processes is slowly being characterized at a structural level. We present here crystal structures of human mitochondrial regulator mTERF, a transcription termination factor also implicated in replication pausing, in complex with double-stranded DNA oligonucleotides containing the tRNA(Leu)(UUR) gene sequence.(More)
Cetoniacytone A (1) and some related minor components (2, 6, 7) were produced by Actinomyces sp. (strain Lu 9419), which was isolated from the intestines of a rose chafer (Cetonia aureata). The structures of the novel metabolites were established by detailed spectroscopic analysis. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by X-ray analysis and(More)
BACKGROUND Sulfatases constitute a family of enzymes with a highly conserved active site region including a Calpha-formylglycine that is posttranslationally generated by the oxidation of a conserved cysteine or serine residue. The crystal structures of two human arylsulfatases, ASA and ASB, along with ASA mutants and their complexes led to different(More)
RepB initiates plasmid rolling-circle replication by binding to a triple 11-bp direct repeat (bind locus) and cleaving the DNA at a specific distant site located in a hairpin loop within the nic locus of the origin. The structure of native full-length RepB reveals a hexameric ring molecule, where each protomer has two domains. The origin-binding and(More)
The alkylsulfatase AtsK from Pseudomonas putida S-313 is a member of the non-heme iron(II)-alpha-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase superfamily. In the initial step of their catalytic cycle, enzymes belonging to this widespread and versatile family coordinate molecular oxygen to the iron center in the active site. The subsequent decarboxylation of the(More)