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Continuous input of pharmaceuticals into rivers, through wastewater treatment systems, may cause adverse effects on the aquatic ecosystems of the receiving waterbodies, due to the intrinsic biological activity of these compounds. To investigate this issue, we have carried out an Environmental Risk Assessment in the lower part of the Llobregat River basin(More)
An experiment was carried out using indoor experimental channels to assess the long-term effect (18 days) of herbivores (Physella acuta, Gastropoda) on periphyton communities exposed to low levels of atrazine (14 microg l(-1)). We hypothesized that herbivorism modifies the response of periphyton to atrazine. Carbon incorporation, chlorophyll-a content,(More)
Many countries, including Mexico, are facing a largely unrecognized epidemic of low-level lead poisoning. Mexico is the sixth largest lead-producing country in the world, and 40% of its production is used locally in different industrial processes that cause lead contamination of the environment. The major sources and pathways of lead exposure among the(More)
Climate affects many aspects of stream ecosystems, although the presence of riparian forests can buffer differences between streams in different climatic settings. In an attempt to measure the importance of climate, we compared the seasonal patterns of hydrology, input and storage of allochthonous organic matter, and the trophic structure (abundance of(More)
Biofilms are major sites of carbon cycling in streams and rivers. Here we elucidate the relationship between biofilm structure and function and river DOC dynamics. Metabolism (extracellular enzymatic activity) and structure (algae, bacteria, C/N content) of light-grown (in an open channel) and dark-grown (in a dark pipe) biofilms were studied over a year,(More)
Regions of HIV-1 gag between p2 and p6(Gag)/p6(Pol), in addition to protease (PR), develop genetic diversity in HIV-1 infected individuals who fail to suppress virus replication by combination protease inhibitor (PI) therapy. To elucidate functional consequences for viral replication and PI susceptibility by changes in Gag that evolve in vivo during PI(More)
BACKGROUND Triggered by the requirement of Water Framework Directive for a good ecological status for European river systems till 2015 and by still existing lacks in tools for cause identification of insufficient ecological status MODELKEY (http:// www.modelkey.org), an Integrated Project with 26 partners from 14 European countries, was started in 2005.(More)
The effect of copper (44 microg l(-1)) on a simple food chain was studied using indoor experimental channels to identify the changes in periphyton community (metabolism, chlorophyll a content, abundance, composition and lipid and protein content) and in herbivore (Stagnicola vulnerata) growth rate and reproduction. The algal community was sensitive to(More)
Here, recommendations to improve ecological and chemical status assessments in accordance with the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) are made on the basis of experience gained from the MODELKEY project database, linking existing biological and chemical monitoring data of 3 case study river basins (Elbe, Scheldt, and Llobregat). The data analysis(More)