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STUDY QUESTION Are maternal progesterone levels in early pregnancy associated with fetal birthweight? SUMMARY ANSWER Low levels of first-trimester maternal progesterone are significantly associated with a reduction in birthweight in girls, but not boys. WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN Progesterone in the third trimester of pregnancy has previously been related to(More)
BACKGROUND There is evidence to suggest an association between prenatal maternal stress and the development of asthma or other atopic diseases in offspring. Yet, insights on the lasting effect of multiple, common prenatal stressors are rare, and the effects of prenatal timing are poorly understood. Further, it remains elusive if prenatal life events modify(More)
Abstract SCL-90-R, a multidimensional assessment instrument for mental health status, is among the most widely used instruments for the evaluation of therapies and quality management in mental institutions. With 90 items it is rather long and has a high redundancy as can be seen in its highly correlated scales. Thus many short versions have been(More)
Observational as well as experimental studies support that prenatal challenges seemed to be associated with an increased risk for allergic airway diseases in the offspring. However, insights into biomarkers involved in mediating this risk are largely elusive. We here aimed to test the association between endogenous and exogenous factors documented in(More)
Population-based pregnancy cohorts recruiting women before or at the moment of childbirth allow a longitudinal follow-up on children's health later in life. Important findings arising from pregnancy cohorts are discussed in the present review. These insights have led to revised guidelines on how to minimize disease risks in children, e.g., in the context of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine fetal thymus growth and its relationship with fetal weight and cord blood T-regulatory cells in a prospective study. Assessment of fetal immune organs by ultrasound could provide a screening approach to identify fetuses at risk of impaired postnatal immunity. STUDY DESIGN AND OUTCOME MEASURES Thymus size was measured with four(More)
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