Learn More
A comparative study of the phospholipids of white muscle of six of the commercially utilized tuna species, including quantitative analyses of phospholipid classes and studies of the acyl composition of the major components. Plasmalogen compounds also were identified and quantified. Choline and ethanolamine glycerophospholipids were the most abundant classes(More)
Benzoic acid-derived phenolics (p-hydroxybenzoic acid, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid, vanillic acid, syringic acid, and gallic acid) and the polyphenols epicatechin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) were evaluated for their efficiency in regenerating alpha-tocopherol from alpha-tocopheroxyl radical in comparison with ascorbyl palmitate, which is known to(More)
A new sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) fructanase which hydrolyzes both high molecular weight polysaccharides mid R:Fructose(4):Galactitol(5)mid R:(n) (SP) and moderate-sized carbohydrates mid R:Fructose(2):Galactitol(3)3mid R:(n) (MMWC) has been purified from sugarcane juice. The K(m) value has been estimated to be 33.7 micrograms per milliliter and 20(More)
The (n-3) PUFAs 20:5 (n-3) (EPA) and 22:6 (n-3) (DHA) are thought to benefit human health. The presence of prooxidant compounds in foods, however, renders them susceptible to oxidation during both storage and digestion. The development of oxidation products during digestion and the potential effects on intestinal PUFA uptake are incompletely understood. In(More)
The potential effects of various dietary eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6) ratios (1:1, 2:1, and 1:2, respectively) on protein redox states from plasma, kidney, skeletal muscle, and liver were investigated in Wistar rats. Dietary fish oil groups were compared with animals fed soybean and linseed oils, vegetable oils(More)
High consumption of fish carries a lower risk of cardiovascular disease as a consequence of dietary omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA; especially EPA and DHA) content. A controversy exists about the component/s responsible of these beneficial effects and, in consequence, which is the best proportion between both fatty acids. We sought(More)
The oxidation of alpha-tocopherol (TH) in chilled and frozen fish muscle was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry. TH oxidation byproducts were identified as alpha-tocopherolquinone (TQ), 5,6-epoxy-alpha-tocopherolquinone (TQE1), and 2-3-epoxy-alpha-tocopherolquinone (TQE2). The(More)
The effect of lipophilization of the antioxidant efficiency of hydroxytyrosol on fish oil enriched systems was studied. Hydroxytyrosol fatty acid esters with increasing size of the alkyl chain and different lipophilicity were tested in bulk fish oils and fish oil-in-water emulsions. Results showed a significant antioxidant activity of hydroxytyrosol esters(More)
A procedure for the determination of volatile compounds derived from lipid oxidation of fish muscle samples is presented. Analytes are concentrated on a solid-phase microextraction fiber employed in the headspace mode (HS-SPME), and selectively determined using gas chromatography in combination with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The influence of several(More)
Polyphenols extracted from extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) were tested for their ability to inhibit lipid oxidation of canned tuna. Hydroperoxide formation during oxidation was monitored by measurement of peroxide value and decomposition of hydroperoxides by static headspace gas chromatographic analysis of volatiles. In tuna oxidized at 40 and 100 degrees C,(More)