Isabel Llano-Rivas

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This report describes a novel missense mutation in the interferon regulation factor 6 (IRF6) gene associated to facial asymmetry. This new feature widens the phenotype spectrum of Van der Woude syndrome (VWS).
Autosomal Recessive Osteopetrosis is a genetic disorder characterized by increased bone density due to lack of resorption by the osteoclasts. Genetic studies have widely unraveled the molecular basis of the most severe forms, while cases of intermediate severity are more difficult to characterize, probably because of a large heterogeneity. Here, we describe(More)
BACKGROUND Microtia is a malformation of the ear with extreme variability of expression. It is generally seen as an isolated malformation. However, some authors consider it to be a minimal manifestation of the oculo-auriculo-vertebral spectrum (OAVS), where, in addition, there are facial, vertebral, and renal abnormalities, among others. METHODS A total(More)
Incontinentia pigmenti (IP) is a rare neurocutaneous disorder with a frequency of 1 in 50,000 newborn, and is associated with mutations in IKBKG gene (NEMO) in Xq28, inherited as an X-linked dominant trait. Clinical manifestations detected since the newborn period are highly variable, with 3 well established sequential or overlapped states and each with a(More)
INTRODUCTION A mesomelic dysplasia with shortened limbs was first described by Leri and Weill in 1929. Since then the causal gene has been known as SHOX (short stature homeobox) gene, located in Xp22 and Yp11.3, with mutations being identified in between 56% and 100% of the patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS One of the observations is familial and the other(More)
BACKGROUND Deficient nucleotide excision repair (NER) activity causes a variety of autosomal recessive diseases including xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) a disorder which pre-disposes to skin cancer, and the severe multisystem condition known as Cockayne syndrome (CS). In view of the clinical overlap between NER-related disorders, as well as the existence of(More)
We describe a patient with a 1.34 Mb microdeletion at chromosome band 17q22, which is also present in his affected mother. To better delineate this microdeletion syndrome, we compare the clinical and molecular characteristics of 10 previously reported cases and our patient. Of these, the present patient has the smallest deletion which includes five genes:(More)
Constitutional heterozygous loss-of-function mutations in the SPRED1 gene cause a phenotype known as Legius syndrome, which consists of symptoms of multiple café-au-lait macules, axillary freckling, learning disabilities, and macrocephaly. Legius syndrome resembles a mild neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) phenotype. It has been demonstrated that SPRED1(More)
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