Isabel Lastres-Becker

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Cannabinoids have been reported to provide neuroprotection in acute and chronic neurodegeneration. In this study, we examined whether they are also effective against the toxicity caused by 6-hydroxydopamine, both in vivo and in vitro, which may be relevant to Parkinson's disease (PD). First, we evaluated whether the administration of cannabinoids in vivo(More)
Recent evidence obtained in rat models of Parkinson's disease showed that the density of cannabinoid CB1 receptors and their endogenous ligands increase in basal ganglia. However, no data exists from post-mortem brain of humans affected by Parkinson's disease or from primate models of the disorder. In the present study, we examined CB1 receptor binding and(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 2 (SCA2) is an autosomal dominantly inherited, neurodegenerative disease. It can manifest either with a cerebellar syndrome or as Parkinson’s syndrome, while later stages involve mainly brainstem, spinal cord and thalamus. This particular atrophy pattern resembles sporadic multi-system-atrophy (MSA) and results in some clinical(More)
Endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligands (endocannabinoids) may rescue neurons from glutamate excitotoxicity. As these substances also accumulate in cultured immature neurons following neuronal damage, elevated endocannabinoid concentrations may be interpreted as a putative neuroprotective response. However, it is not known how glutamatergic insults affect(More)
Ataxin-2 is a cytoplasmic protein, product of the SCA2 gene. Expansion of the normal polyglutamine tract in the protein leads to the neurodegenerative disorder Spino-Cerebellar Ataxia type 2 (SCA2). Although ataxin-2 has been related to polyribosomes, endocytosis and actin-cytoskeleton organization, its biological function remains unknown. In the present(More)
Capsaicin and its analogue N-arachidonoyl-vanillyl-amine (arvanil) are agonists of vanilloid VR1 receptors, and suppress spontaneous activity in mice through an unknown mechanism. Here, we tested in rats the effect on motor behavior of: (1) capsaicin; (2) N-linoleoyl-vanillyl-amine (livanil) and N-alpha-linolenoyl-vanillyl-amine (linvanil), which, unlike(More)
The administration of the endocannabinoid anandamide to rats produces hypokinesia in parallel to a decrease in the activity of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. It was earlier hypothesized that this effect was mediated through the activation of CB(1) receptors, although these receptors have not been found in dopaminergic neurons, but in striatal(More)
Although α-synuclein (α-SYN) aggregation is a hallmark of sporadic and familial Parkinson's disease (PD), it is not known how it contributes to early events of PD pathogenesis such as oxidative and inflammatory stress. Here, we addressed this question in a new animal model based on stereotaxic delivery of an adeno-associated viral vector (rAAV) for(More)
We have examined whether changes in the expression of several inflammatory factors mediate the neuroprotective action of LPS preconditioning on cerebellar granule neurones (CGN) exposed to the mitochondrial toxin 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP), chosen as an in vitro ischemic model. CGN were either directly pre-treated with LPS or indirectly by exposure to(More)
In the present work, we have designed and synthesized a series of arachidonic acid derivatives of general structure I which have been characterized as highly potent and selective inhibitors of anandamide transporter (IC(50) = 24-0.8 microM, K(i) > 1000-5000 nM for CB(1) and CB(2) cannabinoid receptors and vanilloid VR(1) receptor). Among them,(More)