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RATIONALE Atherosclerotic plaques that give rise to acute clinical symptoms are typically characterized by degradation of the connective tissue and plaque rupture. Experimental studies have shown that mechanisms to repair vulnerable lesions exist, but the rate of remodeling of human plaque tissue has not been studied. OBJECTIVE In the present study, we(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin-19 (IL-19) is a putative Th2, anti-inflammatory interleukin. Its expression and potential role in atherogenesis are unknown. IL-19 is not detected in normal artery and is expressed to a greater degree in plaque from symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients, suggesting a compensatory counter-regulatory function. We tested whether IL-19(More)
High plasma levels of VLDL are associated with increased risk for atherosclerosis. Here we show that VLDL (75 to 150 microg/mL) activates nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), a transcription factor known to play a key role in regulation of inflammation. Oxidation of VLDL reduced its capacity to activate NF-kappaB in vitro, whereas free fatty acids such as(More)
Oestrogen protects against AD by multiple mechanisms, including the enhancement of Abeta clearance. Transthyretin (TTR) is a homotetrameric protein mainly synthesized by the liver and choroid plexus (CP) of the brain that sequesters the amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide. In this study we examined the effects of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on TTR protein and mRNA(More)
The choroid plexus (CP) are highly vascularized branched structures that protrude into the ventricles of the brain, and form a unique interface between the blood and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the blood-CSF barrier, that are the main site of production and secretion of CSF. Sex hormones are widely recognized as neuroprotective agents against several(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, plasma soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) has gained interest as a marker of cardiovascular risk. suPAR is released through the cleavage of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), which is found in monocytes, activated T-lymphocytes and endothelial cells, all involved in atherosclerosis. suPAR(More)
Transthyretin (TTR), an amyloid-beta (Abeta) scavenger protein, and metallothioneins 2 and 3 (MT2 and MT3), low molecular weight metal-binding proteins, have recognized impacts in Abeta metabolism. Because TTR binds MT2, an ubiquitous isoform of the MTs, we investigated whether it also interacts with MT3, an isoform of the MTs predominantly expressed in the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Echolucent carotid plaques have been associated with increased risk for stroke. Histological studies suggested that echolucent plaques are hemorrhage- and lipid-rich, whereas echogenic plaques are characterized by fibrosis and calcification. This is the first study to relate echogenicity to plaque composition analyzed biochemically.(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a 55 kDa plasma homotetrameric protein mainly synthesized in the liver and choroid plexuses (CPs) of the brain that, functions as a carrier for thyroxin and retinol binding protein. It sequesters amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide, and TTR levels in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) appear to be inversely correlated with Alzheimer's disease(More)
Transthyretin (TTR) is a 55 kDa homotetrameric protein known for the transport of thyroxine and the indirect transportation of retinol. Within the central nervous system, TTR is primary synthesized and secreted into the cerebral spinal fluid by the choroid plexus (CP), whereas most TTR in the systemic circulation is produced and secreted by the liver. TTR(More)