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The use of biomaterials to replace lost bone has been a common practice for decades. More recently, the demands for bone repair and regeneration have pushed research into the use of cultured cells and growth factors in association with these materials. Here we report a novel approach to engineer new bone using a transient cartilage scaffold to induce(More)
Chitosan scaffolds have been shown to possess biological and mechanical properties suitable for tissue engineering and clinical applications. In the present work, chitosan sponges were evaluated regarding their ability to support cartilage cell proliferation and maturation, which are the first steps in endochondral bone formation. Chitosan sponges were(More)
Cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation of a few anchorage-dependent cells cultured on chitosan (Ch) matrices are influenced by the degree of N-acetylation (DA) of Ch. In the present work, we examined the influence of the DA on the attachment, spreading, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells (rBMSCs). Ch(More)
In this investigation, the effect of the degree of acetylation (DA) of chitosan on the behavior of human osteoblastic MG-63 cells cultured in three-dimensional chitosan matrices was assessed. Chitosan sponges with DAs in the range of 4 to 49% were prepared and characterized in terms of microstructure, porosity, and pore size. Collagen sponges were used as(More)
The effect of the degree of acetylation (DA) of 3D chitosan (Ch) scaffolds on the inflammatory reaction was investigated. Chitosan porous scaffolds with DAs of 4 and 15% were implanted using a subcutaneous air-pouch model of inflammation. The initial acute inflammatory response was evaluated 24 and 48 h after implantation. To characterize the initial(More)
Chitosan microspheres have been explored for pharmaceutical applications, namely as a drug delivery systems for Helicobacter pylori gastric infection treatment, due to their mucoadhesive capacity. In this study, a different application of chitosan microspheres is proposed aiming the creation of an H. pylori-binding system where, after oral administration,(More)
Chitosan (Ch) is being actively investigated as a non-protein template for the growth of an increasing number of anchorage-dependent cells, including chondrocytes and bone cells. In the present work, Ch films with degrees of N-acetylation (DAs) in the range of 4 to 49% were evaluated with respect to the attachment, spreading and short-term proliferation of(More)
Chitosan (Ch) porous matrices were investigated regarding their ability to be colonized by human microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC-ST1.6R cell line) and macrovascular endothelial cells namely HUVECs. Specifically we assessed if previous incubation of Ch in a fibronectin (FN) solution was effective in promoting endothelial cell (EC) adhesion to Ch(More)
In the present work, the surface of chitosan membranes was modified using a phosphorylation method carried out at room temperature. Phosphorylation may be of particular interest in materials for orthopaedic applications, due to the cation-exchange properties of phosphate functionalities. Phosphate groups chelate calcium ions, thus inducing the deposition of(More)
Macrophages are a key cell in the host response to implants and can be polarized into different phenotypes capable of inducing both detrimental and beneficial outcomes in tissue repair and remodeling, being important in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The objective of this study was to evaluate the macrophage response to 3D porous chitosan(More)