Isabel C. Gay

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Square wave jerks (SWJ) are saccadic eye movements which, when recorded with open eyes are considered to be a pathological sign, caused by fixation instability, and pointing to a central neurological lesion. In reviewing 429 electronystagmographic traces, 85 (20%) were found to include the pattern of SWJ. Among them, in 38 traces, SWJ have been recorded(More)
Electromyography (EMG) of the inferior pharyngeal constrictor (IC) and the cricopharyngeal (CP) muscle was recorded in 18 patients with swallowing and/or aspiration problems who were candidates for cricopharyngeal myotomy. The EMG recordings were compared to those of 13 "normal" subjects who did not suffer from such problems. Differences in EMG activity(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a gram-negative anaerobic bacterium, a member of the human oral microbiome, and a proposed "keystone" pathogen in the development of chronic periodontitis, an inflammatory disease of the gingiva. P. gingivalis is a genetically diverse species, and is able to exchange chromosomal DNA between strains by natural competence and(More)
Classic embryological studies have documented the inductive role of root dentin on adjacent periodontal ligament differentiation.  The biochemical composition of root dentin includes collagens and cleavage products of dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), such as dentin sialoprotein (DSP).  The high abundance of DSP in root dentin prompted us to ask the(More)
Short latency vestibular evoked response to repetitive acceleration stimuli were recorded by skin electrodes in cats, using electronic filtering and averaging techniques. The evoked response is composed of six to eight waves during the first 10 ms after the stimulus. These are followed by longer latency responses which are myogenic in nature. All of these(More)
Like many humans in the wake of genocide and war, most wildlife today has sustained trauma. High rates of mortality, extensive habitat destruction, and social breakdown precipitated by human actions are unprecedented in history. Elephants are one of many species dramatically affected by violence. While elephant communities have processes, rituals and social(More)
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