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Susceptibility to stress plays a crucial role in the development of psychiatric disorders such as unipolar depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. In the present study the chronic mild stress rat model of depression was used to reveal stress-susceptible and stress-resilient rats. Large-scale proteomics was used to map hippocampal protein alterations(More)
The nucleotide sequences of eight cDNAs encoding putative aquaporins obtained from a leaf Vitis hybrid Richter-110 cDNA library are reported. They encode proteins ranging from 249 to 287 amino acids with characteristic sequences that clearly include them within the MIP family. According to available database sequence homologies, they can be classified into(More)
Patients with severe action tremor have uncontrollable, relatively rapid oscillatory motion super-imposed on otherwise useable slower voluntary motor activity. Because a mechanical damper produces an opposing force proportional to velocity, applying damping loads to tremorous limbs should attenuate the (high-velocity) tremor component of movement while(More)
Bioactive proanthocyanidins have been reported to have several beneficial effects on health in relation to metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. We studied the effect of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) in rats fed a high fat diet (HFD). This is the first study of the effects of flavonoids on the liver proteome of rats(More)
AIM The aim of this study was to analyse the relevance of the general amino acid permease gene (GAP1) of the wine yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae on nitrogen metabolism and fermentation performance. METHODS AND RESULTS We constructed a gap1 mutant in a wine strain. We compared fermentation rate, biomass production and nitrogen consumption between the gap1(More)
Hypertriglyceridemia is an independent risk factor in the development of cardiovascular diseases, and we have previously reported that oral administration of a grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) drastically decreases plasma levels of triglycerides (TG) and apolipoprotein B (ApoB) in normolipidemic rats, with a concomitant induction in the hepatic(More)
Conventional neurological practice is generally not successful in restoring independent upper extremity function to people with disabiling tremors. The authors have been investigating an orthotic approach, the application of energy-dissipating loads to affected limbs, to allow voluntary intent to be expressed while attenuating tremor. CEDO 1 is a prototype(More)
Grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) has been reported to modify glucose metabolism and β-cell functionality through its lipid-lowering effects in a diet-induced obesity model. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of chronically administrated GSPE on the proteomic profile of pancreatic islets from Zucker fatty (ZF) rats. An(More)
This work explores the use of advanced imaging MS (IMS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques in food science and nutrition to evaluate food sensory characteristics, nutritional value and health benefits. Determining the chemical content and applying imaging tools to food metabolomics offer detailed information about food quality, safety,(More)
We aimed to determine the circulating miRNA expression profile associated with BAV and aortic dilation to provide diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for BAV and/or aortic dilation. We applied a miRNome-wide microarray approach using plasma samples (n = 24) from healthy tricuspid aortic valve individuals, BAV patients and BAV patients with aortic dilation(More)
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