Isabel A. Calvo

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BACKGROUND Oxidative stress is a probable cause of aging and associated diseases. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) originate mainly from endogenous sources, namely the mitochondria. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We analyzed the effect of aerobic metabolism on oxidative damage in Schizosaccharomyces pombe by global mapping of those genes that are required(More)
BACKGROUND An excess of caffeine is cytotoxic to all eukaryotic cell types. We aim to study how cells become tolerant to a toxic dose of this drug, and the relationship between caffeine and oxidative stress pathways. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We searched for Schizosaccharomyces pombe mutants with inhibited growth on caffeine-containing plates. We(More)
Peroxiredoxins are known to interact with hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) and to participate in oxidant scavenging, redox signal transduction, and heat-shock responses. The two-cysteine peroxiredoxin Tpx1 of Schizosaccharomyces pombe has been characterized as the H(2)O(2) sensor that transduces the redox signal to the transcription factor Pap1. Here, we show(More)
In response to hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)), the transcription factor Pap1 from Schizosaccharomyces pombe regulates transcription of genes required for adaptation to oxidative stress and for tolerance to toxic drugs. H(2)O(2) induces oxidation of Pap1, its nuclear accumulation and expression of more than fifty Pap1-dependent genes. Oxidation and nuclear(More)
Reversible thiol oxidation is both a mark of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) toxicity and an initiator of signalling events. H2O2 sensors contain exposed and reactive cysteine residues, which become transiently oxidized as an activation mechanism. In fission yeast, the Pap1 (pombe AP-1) transcription factor is normally cytosolic, and upon H2O2 stress it undergoes(More)
In the recent years, novel regulatory functions of non-coding RNAs have been discovered. Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are diverse classes of RNA molecules not translated into proteins that possess intricate regulatory and structural functions. The human genome sequencing performed by BLOCKINthe BLOCKINInternational BLOCKINHuman BLOCKINGenome BLOCKINSequencing(More)
Cysteine residues, and in particular their thiolate groups, react not only with reactive oxygen species but also with electrophiles and with reactive nitrogen species. Thus, cysteine oxidation has often been linked to the toxic effects of some of these reactive molecules. However, thiol-based switches are common in protein sensors of antioxidant cascades,(More)
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