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Posttranslational modifications of proteins by small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) regulate protein degradation and localization, protein-protein interaction, and transcriptional activity. SUMO E3 ligase functions are executed by SIZ1/SIZ2 and Mms21 in yeast, the PIAS family members RanBP2, and Pc2 in human. The Arabidopsis thaliana genome contains only(More)
Superoxide dismutases are enzymes that function to catalytically convert superoxide radical to oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. These enzymes carry out catalysis at near diffusion controlled rate constants via a general mechanism that involves the sequential reduction and oxidation of the metal center, with the concomitant oxidation and reduction of superoxide(More)
Although fungal spores are an ever-present component of the atmosphere throughout the year, their concentration oscillates widely. This work aims to establish correlations between fungal spore concentrations in Porto and Amares and meteorological data. The seasonal distribution of fungal spores was studied continuously (2005-2007) using volumetric spore(More)
Salt stress is a complex physiological trait affecting plants by limiting growth and productivity. Rice, one of the most important food crops, is rated as salt-sensitive. High-throughput screening methods are required to exploit novel sources of genetic variation in rice and further improve salinity tolerance in breeding programmes. To search for genotypic(More)
DREB1/CBF genes, known as major regulators of plant stress responses, are rapidly and transiently induced by low temperatures. Using a yeast one-hybrid screening, we identified a putative Phytochrome-Interacting bHLH Factor (OsPIF14), as binding to the OsDREB1B promoter. bHLH proteins are able to bind to hexameric E-box (CANNTG) or N-box (CACG(A/C)G)(More)
Plant breeders need new and more precise tools to accelerate breeding programs that address the increasing needs for food, feed, energy and raw materials, while facing a changing environment in which high salinity and drought have major impacts on crop losses worldwide. This review covers the achievements and bottlenecks in the identification and validation(More)
The ultrastructure of the seminiferous tubules was studied in rats that had been subjected to whole body irradiation on the 19th day of gestation. The seminiferous tubules from 3 months-old irradiated animals are devoid of germ cells and contain only Sertoli cells. Compared with controls of the same age, the seminiferous tubule basal membrane is thickened(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical significance of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies (anti-CCP-Abs), IgM and IgA rheumatoid factors (RFs) in primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS We compared clinical and serological characteristics of 31 pSS and 31 Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)(More)
Archaeoglobus fulgidus is a hyperthermophilic sulphate-reducing archaeon. It has an optimum growth temperature of 83 degrees C and is described as a strict anaerobe. Its genome lacks any homologue of canonical superoxide (O2.-) dismutases. In this work, we show that neelaredoxin (Nlr) is the main O2.- scavenger in A. fulgidus, by studying both the wild-type(More)