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The calcium requirement for hemolytic activity of Escherichia coli hemolysin was investigated by using hemolytic assays and immunoblotting of toxin-treated erythrocytes. The hemolytic activity of cell culture supernatants obtained during growth of E. coli in Luria-Bertani (LB) broth or calcium-free LB broth was calcium dependent. The hemolytic activity of(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the frequency of Legionella infection in a dental clinic setting. Serum samples from 270 dental clinic personnel were evaluated using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect Legionella-specific IgM and IgG antibodies. The pooled-species whole-cell-antigen preparation used in these assays was derived from six(More)
The primary structure of Escherichia coli hemolysin (HlyA) contains a 9-amino-acid sequence which is tandemly repeated 13 times near the C terminus and which is essential for hemolytic activity. Hemolysin also requires an unknown modification by an accessory protein, HlyC, for hemolytic activity. The role of calcium in the interaction of HlyA with(More)
Several investigators have reported lipid A as the biologically active unit in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecule. To determine if lipid A was responsible for the reported increases in pyruvate kinase, mice were injected with endotoxin from Salmonella typhimurium SR-11, the Re mutant of Salmonella minnesota R 595, and lipid A-bovine serum albumin(More)
To gain further evidence that Escherichia coli alpha-hemolysin has a role in pathogenesis, its effect on human peripheral leukocyte viability was studied in vitro. Viability of leukocytes exposed to low doses of alpha-hemolysin decreased nearly 10-fold within 15 min of exposure. This response was dose and time dependent and was neutralized by antiserum,(More)
Escherichia coli alpha-hemolysin (AH) purified from culture supernatants by gel filtration and ion-exchange chromatography was heterogeneous in charge and size. A 107,000-dalton protein was identified as the product of the hlyA gene by its reactivity with anti-AH monoclonal antibodies. Proteolysis of the product of the hlyA gene occurred but was not(More)
UNLABELLED Because of the constant threat of emergent cesarean delivery, anesthetic induction and resuscitation drugs are often drawn into syringes and stored in the obstetric operating room (OR). This study investigated the potential for bacterial and fungal contamination of six drugs (thiopental, succinylcholine, ephedrine, atropine, lidocaine, and(More)
Alpha haemolysin, produced by Escherichia coli, grown in a chemically defined medium, was purified 19-fold and the endotoxin content reduced 2176-fold by ultrafiltration and glycerol-gradient ultracentrifugation. Immunodiffusion of purified alpha haemolysin (PH) against antiserum to crude haemolysin (CH) revealed only one precipitation line. PH was(More)