Isaac S Kadir

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BACKGROUND Small-sized mechanical aortic prostheses are commonly associated with generation of high transvalvular gradients, particularly in patients with large body surface area, and can result in patient-prosthesis mismatch. This study evaluates the hemodynamic performance of 21-mm Sorin Bicarbon bileaflet mechanical prostheses using dobutamine stress(More)
OBJECTIVE Doppler echocardiographic evaluation of prosthetic heart valve function is usually performed at rest although this situation is not representative of patients' daily activities. Following aortic valve replacement, patients most likely to remain symptomatic are those with a small aortic root and dobutamine or exercise echocardiography has been(More)
BACKGROUND High residual transvalvular gradients have been reported with the use of small Medtronic Intact aortic valve prostheses. The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic performance of 21-mm prostheses using dobutamine Doppler echocardiography. METHODS Ten patients (7 women; mean age, 79 years) who had undergone aortic valve replacement(More)
This study examines the hemodynamic performance of small size St. Jude BioImplant aortic prostheses using dobutamine echocardiography. Eleven patients (3 women, mean age 75 years) who had undergone aortic valve replacement with a size 21-mm St. Jude BioImplant aortic prostheses at 10.8 +/- 5.1 months (SD) previously were studied. Dobutamine infusion was(More)
BACKGROUND Hypothermic selective antegrade cerebral perfusion during aortic arch replacement may prevent adverse neurologic sequelae. It can be provided via balloon-tipped catheters or a branched graft sewn to the brachiocephalic vessels. We report a consecutive series of total arch replacement using a trifurcated graft. METHODS From September 1999(More)
The incidence of acute rheumatic fever has seen a dramatic decline over the last 15 to 20 years in most developed countries and treatment of this disease has changed little since. The ease of travel and immigration and the cosmopolitan nature of many cities mean that occasionally the disease will come to the attention of clinicians not familiar with its(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of introducing a transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) service on aortic valve surgical activity and outcomes. DESIGN A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data. SETTING University hospital of south Manchester. PATIENTS 815 consecutive patients undergoing isolated aortic valve replacement (AVR) or(More)
Isolated unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is a rare condition, which in most patients is asymptomatic. Occasionally patients present with symptoms that are nonspecific and not necessarily attributable to disease of the respiratory system. In these individuals the clue to the diagnosis is found in a plain chest roentgenogram, often revealing a(More)
BACKGROUND Concern has been raised about residual significant gradients when small aortic prostheses are used, particularly in patients with large body surface areas. We studied the performance of six types of small aortic prostheses using dobutamine stress echocardiography. METHODS Sixty-three patients (mean age, 67 +/- 7 years) who had undergone aortic(More)
Coronary artery fistula is a rare congenital malformation that can be complicated by intracardiac shunts, endocarditis, myocardial infarction, coronary aneurysm and sudden death. Clinical symptomatology depends upon the underlying anatomy and the size of the fistulous connection between the left or right side of the heart. We report the successful(More)