Isaac Meilijson

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Reinforcement learning (RL) is a process by which organisms learn from their interactions with the environment to achieve a goal (Sutton & Barto, 1998). In RL, learning is contingent upon a scalar reinforcement signal that provides evaluative information about how good an action is in a certain situation, without providing an instructive supervising cue as(More)
Genetic robustness characterizes the constancy of the phenotype in face of heritable perturbations. Previous investigations have used comprehensive single and double gene knockouts to study gene essentiality and pairwise gene interactions in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Here we conduct an in silico multiple knockout investigation of a flux balance(More)
We describe the first large scale analysis of gene translation that is based on a model that takes into account the physical and dynamical nature of this process. The Ribosomal Flow Model (RFM) predicts fundamental features of the translation process, including translation rates, protein abundance levels, ribosomal densities and the relation between all(More)
Human and animal studies show that mammalian brains undergo massive synaptic pruning during childhood, losing about half of the synapses by puberty. We have previously shown that maintaining the network performance while synapses are deleted requires that synapses be properly modified and pruned, with the weaker synapses removed. We now show that neuronal(More)
Reinforcement learning is a fundamental process by which organisms learn to achieve goals from their interactions with the environment. We use evolutionary computation techniques to derive (near-)optimal neuronal learning rules in a simple neural network model of decision-making in simulated bumblebees foraging for nectar. The resulting bees exhibit e3cient(More)
We investigate the formation of a Hebbian cell assembly of spiking neurons, using a temporal synaptic learning curve that is based on recent experimental findings. It includes potentiation for short time delays between pre- and post-synaptic neuronal spiking, and depression for spiking events occurring in the reverse order. The coupling between the dynamics(More)
Research with humans and primates shows that the developmental course of the brain involves synaptic overgrowth followed by marked selective pruning. Previous explanations have suggested that this intriguing, seemingly wasteful phenomenon is utilized to remove, "erroneous" synapses. We prove that this interpretation is wrong if synapses are Hebbian. Under(More)
This article presents a general approach for employing lesion analysis to address the fundamental challenge of localizing functions in a neural system. We describe functional contribution analysis (FCA), which assigns contribution values to the elements of the network such that the ability to predict the network's performance in response to multilesions is(More)
The claim that genetic properties of neurons significantly influence their synaptic network structure is a common notion in neuroscience. The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans provides an exciting opportunity to approach this question in a large-scale quantitative manner. Its synaptic connectivity network has been identified, and, combined with cellular(More)
This letter presents the multi-perturbation Shapley value analysis (MSA), an axiomatic, scalable, and rigorous method for deducing causal function localization from multiple perturbations data. The MSA, based on fundamental concepts from game theory, accurately quantifies the contributions of network elements and their interactions, overcoming several(More)