Learn More
We aimed to determine whether 80 kVp conventional nonenhanced head CT scans have better gray-white matter contrast than standard 120 kVp scans performed on the same patients. Thirty head CT scans acquired at 80 kVp (CT dose index [CTDI]vol 46) were compared to prior studies in the same patients performed at 120 kVp (CTDIvol 59). Signal (Hounsfield units(More)
BACKGROUND Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) enables tissue discrimination based on the X-ray attenuations at different photon energies emitted by the tube. The spectral dependencies of net X-ray attenuation can be analyzed and used to characterize specific materials. PURPOSE To evaluate the capability of DECT to characterize and differentiate(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the adaptability of long bones of young adult rats to the stress of chronic aquatic exercise. Twenty-eight female Sabra rats (12 weeks old) were randomly assigned to two groups and treatments: exercise (14 rats) and sedentary control (14 rats) matched for age and weight. Exercised animals were trained to swim in(More)
Since magnesium regulates calcium transport, and magnesium replacement in magnesium-deficient postmenopausal patients resulted in unexpected improvement in documented osteoporosis, we investigated the effect of magnesium treatment on trabecular bone density in postmenopausal osteoporosis. Thirty-one postmenopausal patients (mean age +/- SD = 57.6 +/- 10.6(More)
BACKGROUND Fluoroscopy and cineradiography used during coronary angiography expose patients to some of the highest doses of ionizing radiation in diagnostic radiology. The possibility of radiation-induced damage has been discussed by several authors in the past. However, to the best of our knowledge, chronic radiation dermatitis caused by exposure to x-rays(More)
A program of diverse and dynamic loading exercises of the distal forearm, a common site of osteoporotic fractures, was applied three times a week for 5 months to 14 postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Two parameters were used to assess the effect of the exercises on bone mass. The mass density of bone (g/cm3) was measured by the Compton scattering technique.(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of computerized image enhancement, to investigate criteria for discriminating benign from malignant mammographic findings by computer-aided diagnosis (CAD), and to test the role of quantitative analysis in improving the accuracy of interpretation of mass lesions. Forty sequential mammographically(More)
In a prospective study, quantitative measures of the structure of the longitudinal arch of the foot were established and related to the incidence of stress fractures in the bones of the lower limbs of military recruits. In addition, the role of a semirigid orthotic device (Langer military stress orthotic) in preventing stress fractures was evaluated as a(More)
The effect of intense physical training on the bone-mineral content of young adults who are unaccustomed to physical activity has not yet been established. In this study, 268 male recruits, eighteen to twenty-one years old, were evaluated before and after fourteen weeks of strenuous physical training. The bone-mineral content of both legs at the level of(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES The authors prospectively tested the performance of a single numeric classifier constructed from a discriminative analysis classification system based on automatic computer-extracted quantitative features of clustered microcalcifications. MATERIALS AND METHODS Mammographically detected clustered microcalcifications in patients who(More)