Learn More
The bone density, mineral content and average shear stress in bending at failure were measured in vitro in 33 femoral necks of women and men of different ages. The correlations between these three parameters as well as their correlation with the Singh index were carefully analyzed and found to show that the Singh index is of no clinical value. The best(More)
The effect of chronic swimming on bone modelling was studied. Forty female Sabra rats (5 weeks old) were randomly assigned to the following experimental groups: 30 rats were trained to swim (water bath 35 +/- 1 degree C, one h daily, five times a week) for 20 weeks--20 of them loaded with lead weights (1% body weight) while the rest (10 animals) swam load(More)
Changes in vertebral trabecular bone were quantified in female Wistar rats. This study utilized single photon absorptiometry for the measurement of bone mineral content (BMC), quantitative computed tomography (QCT) for the measurement of bone mineral density (BMD), and image analysis histomorphometry for the measurement of trabecular bone volume (TBV). The(More)
A program of diverse and dynamic loading exercises of the distal forearm, a common site of osteoporotic fractures, was applied three times a week for 5 months to 14 postmenopausal osteoporotic women. Two parameters were used to assess the effect of the exercises on bone mass. The mass density of bone (g/cm3) was measured by the Compton scattering technique.(More)
We aimed to determine whether 80 kVp conventional nonenhanced head CT scans have better gray-white matter contrast than standard 120 kVp scans performed on the same patients. Thirty head CT scans acquired at 80 kVp (CT dose index [CTDI]vol 46) were compared to prior studies in the same patients performed at 120 kVp (CTDIvol 59). Signal (Hounsfield units(More)
In a prospective study, quantitative measures of the structure of the longitudinal arch of the foot were established and related to the incidence of stress fractures in the bones of the lower limbs of military recruits. In addition, the role of a semirigid orthotic device (Langer military stress orthotic) in preventing stress fractures was evaluated as a(More)
In a prospective, randomized study, 66 osteoporotic postmenopausal women (mean age, 67 years) were scheduled to receive either alfacalcidol 0.25 microgram twice daily together with calcium 500 mg twice daily (treatment group, n = 24) or placebo twice daily with calcium 500 mg twice daily (control group, n = 42) for three years. In the treatment group, bone(More)
A set of dynamic bone loading exercises for the distal forearm, designed for high rates of loading, within physiologic range, and diversity of strain regime, was applied to a group of postmenopausal osteoporotic women. The effect of five months of three weekly sessions, 50 minutes each, on the bone status was studied by measuring the bone density at the(More)
BACKGROUND Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) enables tissue discrimination based on the X-ray attenuations at different photon energies emitted by the tube. The spectral dependencies of net X-ray attenuation can be analyzed and used to characterize specific materials. PURPOSE To evaluate the capability of DECT to characterize and differentiate(More)
The effect of intense physical training on the bone-mineral content of young adults who are unaccustomed to physical activity has not yet been established. In this study, 268 male recruits, eighteen to twenty-one years old, were evaluated before and after fourteen weeks of strenuous physical training. The bone-mineral content of both legs at the level of(More)